criminal justice system

(redirected from criminal justice)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to criminal justice: Criminal justice system

criminal justice system

the set of institutions developed as the STATE response to CRIME and criminals. In England and Wales, the main elements of the criminal justice system are the POLICE, the magistracy and crown courts, the Crown Prosecution Service and the prison system, although some aspects of social work and the Probation Service are intrinsic to the system. These institutions are organized and administered separately, though they are all answerable, at some level, to the Home Office. Aspects of the criminal justice systems of Scotland and Northern Ireland are significantly different from the English model: ‘Diplock’ courts in Northern Ireland, for example, try many ‘terrorist’ and some other offenders without using the jury system, while in Scotland the unique office of the procurator fiscal is central to the prosecution of criminal trials. There has been very little sociological work on the criminal justice system as a whole. Most studies concentrate on some particular aspect of the system or some specific issue relating to policing, the work of the courts, sentencing, etc. An exception to this is Fitzgerald and Muncie's (1987) overview.
References in periodicals archive ?
Berman and Fox encourage criminal justice reformers to take the long view with their "failures," pointing out that most successful reforms are incremental over an extended period of time, composed of many "small adjustments" that eventually result in "profoundly positive change.
With the social control (from police brutality to immigration) discourse reaching unprecedented levels, "Ethnicity and Criminal Justice in the Era of Mass Incarceration" will have broad appeal for students, police officers, advocates/activists, attorneys, the media, and the general public.
The new certification exam in criminal justice allows us to educate potential criminal justice professionals about possible duties including patrol, investigative activities, traffic control, crowd control, public relations, witness interviewing, evidence collection and management, court procedures, and the law in general," said Dr.
Nisar observed that a consensus on speedy and logical reformation of criminal justice system on four key aspects - Police, Prosecution, Courts, Corrections - Prisons, Parole, Probation must be undertaken on emergency basis.
The Expert Forum has emerged as a leading regional platform in Central Asia for professional dialogue on criminal justice and judicial reform, human rights in criminal procedure and the harmonization of national legislation with international criminal justice standards in line with OSCE commitments.
Dealing with the past is having an increasing impact on the delivery of current day criminal justice issues, and will continue to do so into the future if not addressed.
Volunteering in the criminal justice service involves people from every part of the community, who bring their skills and experience to assist in delivering essential services to victims of crime and their families.
Adults involved in the criminal justice system report poor educational histories.
Criminal Justice Funding Report (26x, $278/year) subscribers will receive Letter Publications' Criminal Justice Reporter (24x, $258/year) for the balance of their subs.
As Europe's largest city, and as the capital of the birthplace of common law, it was only fitting that we launch a study abroad program in our criminal justice department in London.
Described as "an international journal for philosophy of crime, criminal law and punishment," the new title is being targeted to academics in philosophy, in law and in criminology who take a "philosophically informed critical, analytical or normative approach to criminal law and criminal justice," Springer said.

Full browser ?