cromlech


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Related to cromlech: Stonehenge

cromlech

(krŏm`lĕk) [Welsh or Breton,=crooked stone], term that has changed in meaning from its original equivalent to dolmendolmen
[Breton,=stone table], burial chamber consisting of two or more upright stone slabs supporting a capstone or table, typical of the Neolithic period in Europe. See megalithic monuments.
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. It later came to be used for a single standing stone and now usually refers to a circle of such stones; however, the term is used in this sense for such remains on the Continent, e.g., Britanny and Portugal, rather than for those on the British Isles.

Cromlech

 

a type of megalithic structure of the Neolithic period and primarily the Bronze Age. Usually, a cromlech consists of huge (up to 6–7 m high) free-standing stones that form one circle or several concentric circles. The stones enclose an area sometimes containing a dolmen or menhir. Cromlechs reveal that their creators already possessed the fundamentals of composition, a feeling for rhythm and scale, and the tectonics of post-and-lintel construction. Excavations within cromlechs have yielded burials, polished stone axes, modeled pottery, and stone grain mortars.

Cromlechs are encountered in Asia and America, but they are particularly abundant in Europe (France, Great Britain) and the USSR (in Transcaucasia). The cromlechs of Stonehenge and Avebury in Great Britain and Carnac in France are particularly well known. Their purpose is debatable. Most likely, they were ritual structures for burials and for religious ceremonies. According to one theory, cromlechs were connected with the sun cult and were temples of the sun.

A. L. MONGAIT

cromlech

1. A monument of prehistoric or uncertain date consisting of an enclosure formed by huge stones planted in the ground in a circle.
2. A dolmen.

cromlech

1. a circle of prehistoric standing stones
2. (no longer in technical usage) a megalithic chamber tomb or dolmen
References in periodicals archive ?
Archaeology Wales project manager Phil Poucher said it was "likely there would be some kind of ritual" connected with cromlechs.
By contrast, in areas of sedimentary cover, these monuments are scarce, with a few sites in the calcareous sandstone of the coastal mountains of Jaizkibel --5 dolmens and 6 cromlechs--and Mendizorrotz --5 dolmens and 3 cromlechs--, as well as in the limestone of the Aralar Mountains--more than 50 dolmens and 2 cromlechs--, Andia--6 cromlechs and 12 dolmens--and Urbasa--1 cromlech and 23 dolmens--, in addition to the possible ruined dolmens inventoried as burial mounds in the last two areas (Barrero et al, 2005).
Perhaps this was, in fact, the last vestige of a Neolithic ceremony, where people or priests led a procession of cattle through the standing stone alignments--a procession that ended at the cromlech, where the cattle were either slaughtered or consecrated.
Cromlech Dyffryn Ardudwy yw'r gynharaf yng Ngwynedd a Mon, yn dyddio i 3500 cyn Crist, ac o ran cymhariaeth mae Barclodiad y Gawres yn ddiweddarach wedyn, yn dyddio oddeutu 2500 cyn Crist.
The research details four climbs in particular, One Step in the Clouds at Bwlch y Moch, near Tremadog; Curving Crack on Clogwyn du'r arddu near Llanberis on Snowdon, Cenotaph Corner on Dinas Cromlech, also near Llanberis; and Comes the Dervish in Dinorwig Slate quarries near Llanberis.
All we need now is the Welsh contribution to complete the cromlech - a lasting tribute to the Welsh who died.
Wrth gyflwyno Barclodiad a chydnabod pwysigrwydd Llyn Cerrig Bach dyma dynnu coes ychydig hefo'r gynulleidfa fod rhain yn sicr ymhlith Tri Uchaf henebion Ynys Mn, ond wedyn wrth restru Bryn Celli Ddu, Din Lligwy, Bryn yr Hen Bobl, meini hirion Bryn Gwyn, Castell Bryn Gwyn, meini hirion Llanfechell, cromlech Bodowyr.
The man, from Aberdyfi, Gwynedd, was attempting a climb known as Noah's Warning, 1,000ft up Dinas Cromlech, above the Llanberis Pass in Snowdonia.
On the bill in Boro are Teesside noise punks DRUNK IN HELL, fellow locals LIFELESS and CROMLECH and Newcastle pair TIDE OF IRON and GRACE.
Top prices: Steers -AH Roberts, Henllys Fawr, Ty Croes; Heifers -J Griffiths, Cromlech, Tregele, Amlwch; OTM (ppk) -TC Gittins, Cerrig Engan, Bodorgan; OTM (PS1,131ph) -H Parry, Dolydd Newydd, Talwrn, Llangefni; Cow & calf -GV Davies, Eisteddfa, Rhosfawr, Pwllheli.
Peacefully at his home, 4 Cromlech Terrace, Cemaes Bay, aged 82 years.
Climb this and keep ahead to pass the remains of St Elvis Cromlech.