The cross effect
of the two dummies (financial distress and the significant rise in the use of trade payables) measures the marginal effect of a rise in trade credit financing on the performance of a firm in financial distress.
ii], = Price Cross effect
of product i' on Product i
The effect of the accompanying balanced-budget spending change, however, depends on the sign of the ordinary (Marshallian) cross effect
8] also is negative, implying that home health care has a negative cross effect
with respect to hospital coinsurance.
7) More precisely, this decomposition yields a third component corresponding to cross effects
from changes in the ICT capital coefficient in value and the relative prices.
They discussed the influences of cross effects
arising of the coupling of the fields of temperature, mass diffusion and strain.
This result can only be obtained in a three sector General-Equilibrium framework that involves cross effects
of different types.
To capture these cross effects
in pre-holiday weeks, the last four dummy variables indicate CMA promotions in the largest grocery chain during pre-holiday weeks.
TABLE 4 Likelihood Ratio Tests for Cross Effects
Country [chi square](3) Australia 87.
9) These cost structure characteristics can be represented via first and second derivatives and elasticities of the cost function if a flexible functional form including a full range of cross effects
is estimated, price endogeneity for netputs potentially subject to market power is recognized, and fixed effects representing firm affiliation are accommodated.
The solution monitors pricing against key competitors, measures price elasticity and promotions response, optimizes price points and thresholds, measures competitive cross effects
, and the volume and profit impact of pricing actions.
If cross effects
dominate own effects, transplant procedures will be cross subsidized.