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hanging on a crosscross,
widely used symbol. In various forms, it can be found in such diverse cultures as those of ancient India, Egypt, and pre-Columbian North America. It also is found in the megalithic monuments of Western Europe.
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, in ancient times a method of capital punishmentcapital punishment,
imposition of a penalty of death by the state. History

Capital punishment was widely applied in ancient times; it can be found (c.1750 B.C.) in the Code of Hammurabi.
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. It was practiced widely in the Middle East but not by the Greeks. The Romans, who may have borrowed it from Carthage, reserved it for slaves and despised malefactors. They used it frequently, as in the civil wars and in putting down the Jewish opposition. Crucifixion was probably at first a modification of hanging on a tree or impaling on a pole, and from such a connection come the synonyms tree and rood (i.e., rod or pole) for Jesus' cross. The Romans used mostly the T cross, the Latin cross, or St. Andrew's cross. Most ancient sources describe the cross Jesus died on as a Latin cross, the type most common in the liturgy of the West. It was common practice among the Romans to scourge the prisoner and to require him to carry his cross to the place of crucifixion. The prisoner was either nailed or tied to the cross, and, to induce more rapid death, his legs were often broken. Crucifixion was abolished when the empire became Christian. See also CalvaryCalvary
[Lat.,=a skull] or Golgotha
[Heb.,=a skull], in the Gospels, place where Jesus was crucified, outside what was then the wall of Jerusalem. Its location is not certainly known. The traditional identification of the site of Calvary was made by St.
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 and Good ThiefGood Thief
or Penitent Thief,
in the New Testament, the malefactor crucified with Jesus who did not revile Him; Jesus promised him Paradise that day. In the Roman martyrology his feast is Mar. 25. His name in tradition is Dismas or Desmas, that of the other thief Gesmas.
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What does it mean when you dream about crucifixion?

Beyond the obvious religious connotations, a dream crucifixion can represent an excruciatingly painful situation. Feelings of guilt or, alternatively, feelings of being a scapegoat. Crucifixion can also be an initiatory symbol, representing the “death” that takes place before rebirth.


1. the crucifying of Christ at Calvary, regarded by Christians as the culminating redemptive act of his ministry
2. a picture or representation of this
References in periodicals archive ?
One commenter suggested the stories of the crucifixions emanated from an "exaggeration and that artillery fire was responsible for the body of a soldier appearing to be nailed to a barn door.
Influenced, like so many of her generation, by Paul Tillich, Dillenberger sees evidence of religious themes whenever a painter expresses a sense of 'ultimate concern', whether explicitly or not, and thus Picasso's most profound creations, such as Guernica, almost inevitably become religious; and a crucifixion can be implied simply by a figure with outstretched arms (such as the dead man in Guernica).
Manila: A Filipino resident in central Luzon has complained on not being able to retire from an annual ritual of crucifixion because no one is willing to take his place, a radio report said.
Summary: Catholic devotees in the Philippines have been nailed to wooden crosses in an reenactment of Jesus Christ's crucifixion on Good Friday.
London, June 24 (ANI): The episode of Jesus' crucifixion is based more on traditions of the Christian church and artistic illustrations than antique texts, says a Swedish researcher.
A NAIL from the time of Christ's crucifixion which was hidden by the same knights who featured in The Da Vinci Code has been found in a dig.
Earlier this year Britain witnessed its first crucifixion in almost two millennia, when a man named Cynewulf was nailed to the cross.
Christmas brought the most valuable of cards -- the Holy Family in the stable -- and this was followed up, in the marts of trade, by the Crucifixion.
From the fourth century crucifixion had ceased to be a method of execution; while artists remained guided by conventions for showing Christ's own Crucifixion, they had freer rein for revealing the torturing and slow death of the Thieves.
Foreigners used to join the crucifixions in San Pedro Cutud but they were banned from participating in recent years after local officials learned that a Japanese man nailed to a cross the previous year was actually an actor being secretly filmed for a scene in a Japanese pornographic video.
His choice of the Crucifixion as a subject dates back to his first sighting of Salvador Dali's Christ of St John of the Cross which was first shown in Glasgow in June 1952: 'although it was a long time after that that I started painting crucifixions, it stuck in my mind.
But the crucifix wasn't always such a central part of Catholic worship, For the first few centuries after Christ's death, neither crucifixes nor plain crosses were common images; in a culture where crucifixions were still practiced, it was too horrifying a symbol to celebrate, But with Constantine's fourth-century recognition of Christianity and the gradual ending of the practice of crucifixion, the cross began to be used in liturgies, In 692 the Council of Constantinople affirmed the importance of depicting Christ's body on the cross, and the crucifix became a prominent and highly recognizable symbol of Catholicism.