Cryptococcus

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Related to cryptococcal: Cryptococcal Meningitis

Cryptococcus

[‚krip·tə′käk·əs]
(mycology)
A genus of encapsulated pathogenic yeasts in the order Moniliales.
References in periodicals archive ?
The other different diagnoses are as follows- cryptococcal meningitis in 6% patients, cryptosporidium diarrhoea in 10% patients and pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia in 16% patients and cerebral toxoplasmosis in 2% patients.
Georges University of London, UK), is a multi-centre study that aims to evaluate a semi-quantitative cryptococcal antigen lateral flow assay (CrAG LFA) called Biosynex crypto PS, developed by the Pasteur Institute (France).
13] reported four cases of cryptococcal infection (three meningitis) in patients whose immunosuppression was related to chronic lymphocytic leukemia, giant cell temporal arteritis, gastric neoplasm and lupus, respectively.
The diagnostic efficacy of MRI in combination with cerebrospinal fluid analysis in diagnosing CNSI: The sensitivity of MRI in combination with cerebrospinal fluid analysis in diagnosing tubercular meningitis, viral meningitis and cryptococcal meningitis was higher than that in diagnosing purulent meningitis.
The patient presented a slow and consistent recovery, reaching accumulated amphotericin B doses of 2050 g at D34, when the cryptococcal meningitis treatment was switched to fluconozale (600 mg qid), and the patient was discharged from the hospital.
In people and animals, the most likely route of cryptococcal infection is by inhalation of basidio-spores or desiccated yeast cells from the environment, although the exact mode of transmission is unknown.
The cerebrospinal fluid obtained (CSF) was positive for India ink stain and showed a cryptococcal antigen titer of 1:512.
The factors most associated with poor prognosis are: altered mental status, CSF opening pressure greater than 25 cm of water, cryptococcal antigen in CSF greater than 1: 512, culture positive for cryptococcus in organs other than the CNS, and absence of meningeal enhancement (6).
This case highlights the difficulties of managing severe cryptococcal disease.
Cryptococcal meningitis is a common outcome of cryptococcosis.
neoformans is responsible for the majority of cryptococcal infection in immunocompromised individuals whereas C.
Even though the majority of cryptococcosis cases reported correspond to cryptococcal meningitis, the initial infection is generally acquired by the inhalation of airborne fungal propagules from an environmental source.