cryptococcal meningitis


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cryptococcal meningitis

[‚krip·tə′käk·əl ‚men·ən′jīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the meninges due to yeasts of the genus Cryptococcus.
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The remaining case-patient, who had received a renal transplant and exhibited cryptococcal meningitis and cryptococcal BSI, was not admitted to the ICU and was therefore not included in this analysis.
Although incidence and mortality have decreased in the era of HAART, cryptococcal meningitis remains an important cause of mobility and mortality in the AIDS population especially in the developing world (4).
These findings are highly suggestive of cryptococcal meningitis and cryptococcomas.
Prevalence and clinical presentation of cryptococcal meningitis among HIV seropositive patients.
However, Lin says the fungus is particularly aggressive in people with weakened immune systems and can spread to other parts of the body, such as the brain and spinal cord, resulting in cryptococcal meningitis - a condition that, in absence of treatment, is fatal.
The most frequently reported cases of IRIS are associated with infection due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, genital herpes, Varicella zoster, cytomegalovirus and cryptococcal meningitis following initiation of ART (4-7).
Cryptococcal meningitis can be seen in immunocompromised patients.
of patients Findings 38 (100%) Confusion 6 Confusion + seizures 7 Confusion + hemiplegia 3 Confusion + psychotic behaviour 9 Confusion + dyskinetic features 1 Confusion + cryptococcal meningitis deteriorating on treatment 1 Confusion + abnormal lumbar puncture, suspected to be tuberculous meningitis 1 Confusion + cryptococcal meningitis on lumbar puncture Table II.
Cryptococcal peritonitis complicating a ventriculoperitoneal shunt in unsuspected cryptococcal meningitis.
However, immunocompetent patients are also susceptible to cryptococcal meningitis (CM).
We also recorded inpatient HIV prevalence, and tried to determine whether bacterial meningitis (BM) could be distinguished from cryptococcal meningitis (CM) at the time of admission based on clinical findings and cerebrospinal fluid analysis.
Amphotericin B plus flucytosine worked more quickly than did amphotericin B alone, amphotericin B with fluconazole, or amphotericin B with both flucytosine and fluconazole in a study of patients with HIV-associated cryptococcal meningitis.