Such iatrogenic anemia can be caused by hemodilution due to the routine administration of non-oxygen carrying crystalloids
solutions, often in large amounts resulting in a reduced number of circulating oxygen carrying red blood cells.
Our aim was to study the efficacy of Ondansetron for prevention of spinal anaesthesia induced hypotension in local population when given in combination with crystalloid
The NICE clinical guidelines for CS  state that 'Women who are having a CS under regional anaesthesia should be offered intravenous ephedrine or phenylephrine, and volume pre-loading with crystalloid
or colloid to reduce the risk of hypotension occurring during CS.
These medications may be particularly useful if intravascular volume is supported with crystalloid
fluids, which cause dilutional coagulopathy.
The CRISTAL (The Colloids Versus Crystalloids
for the Resuscitation of the Critically Ill) (9) study, compared colloids (gelatins, dextrans, HES, and albumin) to crystalloids
(isotonic or hypertonic saline solution, Ringer's lactate) in septic patients and patients in hypovolemic shock, showing a mortality at 28 days of 25.
1] boluses of a crystalloid
had the cPDE values within a gray zone.
Mesotheliomas with crystalloid
structures: report of nine cases, including one with oncocytic features.
Randomized trial of intermittent antegrade warm blood versus cold crystalloid
Potassium can be added to the crystalloid
solution if the patient's potassium level is low.
1,2) In the dissection phase the major causes of this acidosis are crystalloid
therapy and hypotension, the latter results from drainage of ascites fluid, dissection and mobilization of the liver.
You massage the uterus, rapidly infuse 1 L crystalloid
solution, place misoprostol 800 pg in the rectum, and reinitiate the oxytocin infusion.
solution is made of sterile water plus various salts--eg sodium, chloride, potassium, calcium and lactate.