Cucurbitaceae

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Cucurbitaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants including climbing and trailing herbs and, less commonly, subshrubs. The genus Dendrosicyos, which is found on the island of Socotra, consists of treelike forms. Cucurbitaceae are monoecious or dioecious. The flowers are usually unisexual and sympetalous; they are almost always regular and most often pentamerous. The fruit is usually a many-seeded berry or pepo. (The outer layer of the pericarp of a pepo is hard and coarse; the inner layer is fleshy and juicy.)

There are more than 100 genera, embracing about 900 species. They are distributed mainly in the tropics and subtropics of both hemispheres. The USSR has eight or nine species, belonging to six genera (including Bryonia and Ecballium). There are more than 15 species in cultivation. Many have edible fruits— cucumbers, muskmelons, pumpkins, and watermelons. The Cucurbitaceae also include the calabash gourd, the dishcloth gourd, and the colocynth. Some genera are medicinal plants (for example, Bryonia), and some are ornamentals (for example, Thladiantha and Momordica).

REFERENCES

Aleshina, L. A. “Palinologicheskie dannye k sistematike i filogenii semeistva Cucurbitaceae Juss.” In Morfologiia pyl’tsy Cucurbitaceae, Thymelaeaceae, Cornaceae. Leningrad, 1971.
Jeffrey, C. “On the Classification of the Cucurbitaceae.” Kew Bulletin, 1966, vol. 20, no. 3.
References in periodicals archive ?
cucurbitaceous could be a promising candidate for complementing more specialized parasitoids in whitefly biological control programs.
Survival curves of Tupiucoris cucurbitaceous under different food diets (T1 to T6).
Extensive year round surveys was conducted at different intervals in the active season of ladybird beetles, especially of solanacious and cucurbitaceous vegetable fields, general vegetation was also searched for occurrence of ladybird beetles.
The melon fruit fly is considered a federal quarantine pest in India and many other countries, due to its highly invasive nature as majority of them cause extensive damage to many fruits and vegetables especially cucurbitaceous vegetables.
Relative abundance of the red pumpkin beetle, Aulacophora foveicollis Lucas, on different cucurbitaceous vegetables.
The melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an economically important pest of fruits and cucurbitaceous vegetables in many parts of the world (Uchida et al.
Prabakar and Jebanesan (2004) reported that the leaf extract of five species of cucurbitaceous plants, Momordica charntia, Trichosanthes anguina, Luffa acutangula, Benincasa cerifera and Citrullus vulgaris showed larvicidal activity at LC50 of 465.