Cuirass

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Cuirass

 

a defensive armor consisting of two plates curved to fit the back and chest and connected at the shoulders and on the sides by buckles.

In ancient times cuirasses were made of thick felt covered with skin or sometimes with sheet copper. In the 13th century iron cuirasses appeared. In Russia cuirasses were used from 1731 in the cuirassier regiments. From the mid-19th century until 1917 they were used only as part of the formal dress uniform of the regiments of the 1st Guards Cavalry Division.


Cuirass

 

(Russian, laty), a plate armor (combat equipment) for protection against injuries by silent weapons and later by firearms.

At first a cuirass was a thick textile or leather piece of clothing; with the appearance of metal, metal plates were attached to it. The peoples of the ancient Orient had such cuirasses before they were known in the West. Metal cuirasses were of two kinds, either made of plates or scales. With the spread of firearms (from the 14th century), the metal cuirass became a thick armor with separate parts for the protection of the body, arms, and legs.

References in periodicals archive ?
The event resonated with the picture Caro had just presented of the strewn antiquities in their king's collection, "of severed heads, of shattered legs, of broken arms and of other members and cuirasses, all lacerated, gnawed, and battered.
Erhart H (1951) Sur le role des cuirasses termitiques dans la geographie des regions tropicales.
Al respecto, hay que recordar que se conocen dos referencias sobre dicha asociacion, la primera se debe a Tournouer (1903:469), quien indica "J'ai trouve avec ees dents des morceaux de grosses carapaces analogues a celles des Edentes cuirasses comme Hoplophorus.
A dark rectangle over the fireplace marked the spot where 'The Unbroken square' had hung; the bell from the Dutch frigate, the Afridi banner, the gilt idol from Burma, the Napoleonic cuirasses, the Ashanti drum, the loving-cup from Barbados, Tipu Sultan's musket, all were gone.
The 60 movements all belong to piano sets written between 1912 and 1917: Avant-dernieres pensees, Chapitres tournes en tous sens, Croquis et agaceries d'un gros bonhomme en bois, Descriptions automatiques, Embryons desseches, Enfantillages pittoresques, Heures seculaires et in-stantanees, Menus propos enfantins, Peccadilles importunes, Sonatine bureaucratique, Sports et divertissements, Les Trois Valses distinguees du precieux degoute, Veritables preludes flasques (pour un chien) and Vieux sequins et vielles cuirasses.
The ideal vessel was well furnished with armor and weapons: coats of mail, pourpoints (padded doublets), cuirasses (body armor), shields, helmets, knives, daggers, spades, axes, clubs, and lances (some with iron hooks to attack enemies who tried to board the ship).
As a result, much ingenuity was expended in finding internal inconsistencies that might justify expunging all references to bronze cuirasses.
Through tall scrub palms, over ash and cinders, their bearded bodies weighted by casques and cuirasses, with lombards and muskets, they followed, their feet trampling the black leaf mold.