Cuirass

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Cuirass

 

a defensive armor consisting of two plates curved to fit the back and chest and connected at the shoulders and on the sides by buckles.

In ancient times cuirasses were made of thick felt covered with skin or sometimes with sheet copper. In the 13th century iron cuirasses appeared. In Russia cuirasses were used from 1731 in the cuirassier regiments. From the mid-19th century until 1917 they were used only as part of the formal dress uniform of the regiments of the 1st Guards Cavalry Division.


Cuirass

 

(Russian, laty), a plate armor (combat equipment) for protection against injuries by silent weapons and later by firearms.

At first a cuirass was a thick textile or leather piece of clothing; with the appearance of metal, metal plates were attached to it. The peoples of the ancient Orient had such cuirasses before they were known in the West. Metal cuirasses were of two kinds, either made of plates or scales. With the spread of firearms (from the 14th century), the metal cuirass became a thick armor with separate parts for the protection of the body, arms, and legs.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fujita undertook a comparative study of the distribution of armour and weapons in Tomb Period sites throughout Japan, tabulating data on 239 cases, and seriating cuirasses and helmets as well as their earthenware haniwa representations.
On the other side, seeing a great mountain of severed heads, shattered legs, broken arms, and other members and cuirasses, all lacerated, gnawed, and battered, the scene before me looked like the Cavern of Polyphemus, the Anatomy of Vecelli, and the Rout of Roncisvalle.
Mr Middleton, who has a key role in the production of the helmets and cuirasses for the Household Cavalry Regiments, has been described as the "prime example" of the company's workforce of skilled craftsmen.