Cuirass(redirected from cuirasses)
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a defensive armor consisting of two plates curved to fit the back and chest and connected at the shoulders and on the sides by buckles.
In ancient times cuirasses were made of thick felt covered with skin or sometimes with sheet copper. In the 13th century iron cuirasses appeared. In Russia cuirasses were used from 1731 in the cuirassier regiments. From the mid-19th century until 1917 they were used only as part of the formal dress uniform of the regiments of the 1st Guards Cavalry Division.
(Russian, laty), a plate armor (combat equipment) for protection against injuries by silent weapons and later by firearms.
At first a cuirass was a thick textile or leather piece of clothing; with the appearance of metal, metal plates were attached to it. The peoples of the ancient Orient had such cuirasses before they were known in the West. Metal cuirasses were of two kinds, either made of plates or scales. With the spread of firearms (from the 14th century), the metal cuirass became a thick armor with separate parts for the protection of the body, arms, and legs.