Cuirassiers

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Cuirassiers

 

an arm of heavy cavalry, with horsemen protected by cuirasses and armed with broadswords, pistols, and carbines. Cuirassiers appeared in Western Europe in the late 17th century. Their precursors were the gendarmes in France and the reiters in Germany, Austria, and Sweden. In the 18th and early 19th centuries cuirassier regiments designed for delivering decisive strikes were to be found in most European armies. By the beginning of the 20th century the cuirassiers had been abolished (except for the dress uniform) and the name “cuirassier” became traditional for various regiments in certain armies.

In Russia the first regiment of cuirassiers (the Life Guards Horse Regiment) was formed in November 1731. By 1740 there were four cuirassier regiments, and by 1796 their number had risen to 16. Before the Patriotic War of 1812 there were ten cuirassier regiments; after the war there were 12, which made up three cuirassier divisions. In 1860 they were reorganized as dragoons, with the exception of four guards regiments (the Cavalry Guards, the Horse Guards, and two called His Majesty’s Cuirassiers and Her Majesty’s Cuirassiers, who were distinguished by the color of their uniforms, that is, the “yellow” and “blue” cuirassiers) that existed until 1917.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the demonizing of Cromwell that followed the return of Charles II, the portrait in cuirassier armor by Robert Walker elicited the fiercest attacks.
The first Berthiers approved for service were the Carabine de Cavallerie Modele 1890, Carabine de Cuirassiers Modele 1890, and the Carabine de Gendarmerie Modele 1890.
So let the mangled pile up, until, like the cuirassiers in the ravine at Waterloo, their bodies fill to the brink the chasm of selfish incredulity.
Bazille was killed in action; Monet, Pissarro, and Sisley moved to England; and Renoir joined the cuirassiers, though he saw no action.
A visitation from the clergy was known as Crow Fair or Review of the Black Cuirassiers, though the latter looks more literary than everyday.
As for the excuses that Napoleon was sick at Waterloo with an array of ailments from hemorrhoids to bladder obstruction, or that by 1815 he had lost his best men in Russia, or that General Comte Guyot had ignored orders, or that loose-cannon Marshal Grouchy was in the wrong place at the wrong time, or that the crazy Ney sent his lancers and cuirassiers in prematurely without orders, Roberts, like Corrigan, will have none of it.
Sergeant Thirion of the 2nd Cuirassiers, who carried one in Russia, described it simply as `at the end of a fairly long staff was a bronze eagle with open wings .
He quotes French cuirassiers (heavy cavalrymen) as saying that their sabers were "virtually useless in hand-to-hand cavalry fighting" (p.
There were gold-bedecked drum-majors, iron-clad cuirassiers with black horsehair plumes on their helmets and the Garde Imperiale resplendent in the national colours of France.
Establishment of a market of Facility Management on RTE site located in Lyon, rue des Cuirassiers.