Culex

(redirected from culicine)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

Culex

[′kyü‚leks]
(invertebrate zoology)
A genus of mosquitoes important as vectors for malaria and several filarial parasites.

Culex

 

a genus of mosquitoes of the family Culicidae. When laid on the water, the eggs stick to each other in such a way that they form a boat-shaped mass.

There are more than 400 species, of which 20 are found in the USSR, chiefly in the Far East, Middle Asia, and the Caucasus. They are harmful to man as bloodsuckers; some carry the causative agents of such diseases as filariasis, Japanese B encephalitis, and encephalomyelitis. The most common species is Culex pipiens, which feeds on the blood of birds and attacks man primarily in southern regions. It is more often found in populated areas, where it flies into houses. It breeds mostly in ditches, barrels, and pits. There are several generations in a summer, with the greatest numbers occurring at the end of summer and in the fall. It winters in basements and cellars. Culex is not a carrier of the causative agents of human malaria; it can be the carrier of plasmodia which develop in the blood of birds. Countermeasures are the same as those used against mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles.

REFERENCE

Gutsevich, A. V., A. S. Monchadskii, and A. A. Shtakel’berg. Komary: Semeistvo Culicidae. Leningrad, 1970.

A. V. GUTSEVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Development of combined use of Neem (Azadirachta indica) and water management for the control of culicine mosquitoes in rice fields.
Anopheline larvae were separated from Culicine larvae and identified to species using the taxonomic keys of Gillies and Coetzee (25).
Culicine mosquitoes (diptera: Culicidae) recorded from the province of Mozambique (Portuguese East Africa) and their relationship to arthropod-borne viruses.
Multi-country field trials comparing wash-resistance of PermaNet and conventional insecticide treated nets against anopheline and culicine mosquitoes.
However, usable polytene chromosomes are not present in most culicine mosquitoes [exceptions are Orthopodornyia (Munstermann et al.
Mosquito larvae were categorized as either culicine or anopheline according to their morphological characteristics (18).
The relative toxicity of nicotine, anabasine and methyl anabasine and lupinine for culicine mosquito larvae.
Culicine mosquito larvae were reported from variety of habitats but their presence was predominant in streams.
Multi-country field trials comparing wash-resistance of PermaNet and conventional insecticide-treated nets against anopheline and culicine mosquitoes.
Previous surveys have revealed the presence of several culicine mosquito species including Aedes w-albus, and the predatory mosquitoes Toxorhynchites splendens from this region (1), and a few other dipteran species that dominate the detritivore trophic level of the aquatic insect communities (3,4).