curriculum

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curriculum

1. a course of study in one subject at a school or college
2. a list of all the courses of study offered by a school or college

Curriculum

 

an outline that specifies the subjects to be studied at a given educational institution and the years in the course of study during which each subject is to be studied.

A curriculum generally consists of three parts. The first is a schedule of periods for lecture classes, practical training, production training, examinations or laboratory examinations, work on the diploma thesis or diploma project, and vacations. The second part of the curriculum specifies the duration of each period of instruction for each year of study and for the entire course of study. The third part of the curriculum is a program that lists required, alternative, and elective subjects, the number of class hours for each subject, and a schedule of these hours by week, semester, and academic year. This program also gives the dates of examinations and tests and the dates when course papers or projects are due. In addition, the program indicates the number of hours assigned for lectures, seminars, laboratory work, and drills or exercises for each subject. The third part of the curriculum may also list fields of specialization and the subjects in each field.

In the USSR and other socialist countries the curriculum is generally identical for educational institutions of a given type. As a rule, major higher educational institutions with universally recognized schools of education have their own curricula. These institutions include the universities in Moscow, Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Kiev, and a number of other cities, as well as the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School.

The content of the curricula of general-educational, specialized secondary, and higher educational institutions guarantees that a uniform body of knowledge will be covered and also ensures equal opportunities for graduates to continue their education at a higher level. The curricula of the Soviet school system facilitate a communist upbringing and the comprehensive development of students. The curricula prepare students for life and work and inspire them with a desire to continue their education during their entire working career.

Curricula provide a necessary balance between the humanities and the natural sciences and also coordinate theoretical study and practical training. The sequence of subjects studied is designed to provide a basis of knowledge and the subsequent assimilation of increasingly advanced material. The amount of time allotted to individual subjects is determined by their importance at a given level of study, by the general aims and scope of the entire course of study, and by the course’s ratio between theoretical material and practical training. The extent of knowledge and skills that the student is expected to acquire during the course of study is also taken into consideration. The material outlined in the curriculum is made explicit in syllabi, textbooks, and teaching aids.

In a number of capitalist countries, general-educational schools do not have uniform curricula, and there is no continuity in the curricula of succeeding levels of study. A more extensive scope of material is covered in educational institutions for the privileged in, for example, Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. These factors make higher education widely accessible only to children of the privileged classes in a number of capitalist countries. In the USA each state uses its own curricula.

A. I. BOGOMOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The three themes that emerged in regard to frame factors influencing the planned implementation of integrated curriculum identified were: factors promoting curricular change, factors impeding curricular change and handling impediments to curriculum implementation and the three subthemes identified under each theme are: organizational factors, personal factors and student factors.
A partir de lo anterior, en este articulo se propone un modelo que sirve de marco de referencia para la administracion, coordinacion y evaluacion del proceso de diseno de un proyecto curricular, aspectos no contemplados en las propuestas analizadas.
While the punitive consequences of curricular practices that reveal and counter hegemonic schooling are illustrated in vivid anecdotes, the book's main message is one of hope.
Este ejercicio intelectual permite abordar el poder y el diseno curricular desde una perspectiva critica, y a la vez combinar enfoques estructuralistas como seria el aporte de Bourdieu y el tratamiento que Foucault hace del poder, hasta llegar a perspectivas contemporaneas que provienen de la pedagogia critica, como seria el caso de Freire, Kemmis o Giroux.
Curricular evaluation initiatives are also implemented to assess achievement of these outcomes.
El documento de Politicas y Gestion curricular se estructura en dos partes: una primera que hace referencia a la mision y proyecto educativo institucional, y su integracion con el modelo pedagogico centrado en el aprendizaje y el estudiante; y la segunda parte, en la cual se establecen los lineamientos para llevar a cabo la articulacion de los referentes del proceso de ensenanza aprendizaje (los estudiantes, la internacionalizacion curricular, la inclusion de una segunda lengua y la implementacion de las TICS en los procesos curriculares), y la consolidacion de los componentes bioeticos y humanisticos en las diferentes unidades academicas.
El diseno curricular debe ser objeto de estudio sistematico a traves de investigaciones que contribuyan a su sistematizacion y al aumento del grado de conciencia y examen por parte de los actores comprometidos con la construccion curricular de los programas academicos de pregrado de la Facultad de Salud de la Universidad del Valle.
Today, the 21st Century Skills and Common Core Standards have reexamined the educational goals for all students and have included within these goals some of the exact curricular elements that traditionally have been essential to the differentiated curriculum for gifted students.
It's a big gamble because I've never done it before but I've been picking up the keys with all the production on the Extra Curricular stuff.
Engagement has been recognized as a crucial issue in learning and academic success at the university level (National Survey of Student Engagement, 2006; Carnegie Curricular Engagement Classification, 2006), at the program level (AACSB International Standards 13 & 14, 2006), as well as at the individual student level (Pintrich & Schrauben, 1992).
O objetivo dessa pesquisa foi investigar o processo de formulacao e implementacao da nova proposta curricular para o curso de Medicina de Sorocaba.
Sin embargo, el diseno de un plan curricular ajustado a los lineamientos curriculares del Estado y de la institucion, en funcion de las necesidades de la sociedad, no garantiza su exito, ya que es necesario la existencia de una gerencia academica comprometida con la institucion que viabilice su ejecucion, asigne recursos y realice seguimiento de la puesta en practica del plan, con el fin de evaluarlo permanentemente y hacer los correctivos oportunos para mantener su pertinencia.