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1. a course of study in one subject at a school or college
2. a list of all the courses of study offered by a school or college



an outline that specifies the subjects to be studied at a given educational institution and the years in the course of study during which each subject is to be studied.

A curriculum generally consists of three parts. The first is a schedule of periods for lecture classes, practical training, production training, examinations or laboratory examinations, work on the diploma thesis or diploma project, and vacations. The second part of the curriculum specifies the duration of each period of instruction for each year of study and for the entire course of study. The third part of the curriculum is a program that lists required, alternative, and elective subjects, the number of class hours for each subject, and a schedule of these hours by week, semester, and academic year. This program also gives the dates of examinations and tests and the dates when course papers or projects are due. In addition, the program indicates the number of hours assigned for lectures, seminars, laboratory work, and drills or exercises for each subject. The third part of the curriculum may also list fields of specialization and the subjects in each field.

In the USSR and other socialist countries the curriculum is generally identical for educational institutions of a given type. As a rule, major higher educational institutions with universally recognized schools of education have their own curricula. These institutions include the universities in Moscow, Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Kiev, and a number of other cities, as well as the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School.

The content of the curricula of general-educational, specialized secondary, and higher educational institutions guarantees that a uniform body of knowledge will be covered and also ensures equal opportunities for graduates to continue their education at a higher level. The curricula of the Soviet school system facilitate a communist upbringing and the comprehensive development of students. The curricula prepare students for life and work and inspire them with a desire to continue their education during their entire working career.

Curricula provide a necessary balance between the humanities and the natural sciences and also coordinate theoretical study and practical training. The sequence of subjects studied is designed to provide a basis of knowledge and the subsequent assimilation of increasingly advanced material. The amount of time allotted to individual subjects is determined by their importance at a given level of study, by the general aims and scope of the entire course of study, and by the course’s ratio between theoretical material and practical training. The extent of knowledge and skills that the student is expected to acquire during the course of study is also taken into consideration. The material outlined in the curriculum is made explicit in syllabi, textbooks, and teaching aids.

In a number of capitalist countries, general-educational schools do not have uniform curricula, and there is no continuity in the curricula of succeeding levels of study. A more extensive scope of material is covered in educational institutions for the privileged in, for example, Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. These factors make higher education widely accessible only to children of the privileged classes in a number of capitalist countries. In the USA each state uses its own curricula.


References in periodicals archive ?
SPECTRA-15 is aimed at providing a platform to all competitive and confident students of IIUI for curricular and extra-curricular activities and to prepare participants for Twin city and All Pakistan Competitions said Dr Hafiz Abid Masood, the Students Advisor (male).
The pilot phase consists of seven-day training for 420 trainees, conducted by a number of trainers from the Curricular and Educational Supervision Sector.
Pupils' personal, moral and social development and its curricular and extra-curricular provision were among the areas praised.
This initiative is a community outreach project aiming to support rural schools' curricular and extra-curricular activities as well as to build capacity and to promote ICT in communities to foster a knowledge-based economy," said, Dr.
He said: "For Ruby, Submotion is her main thing now - but for everyone else in the band Extra Curricular is at the forefront of their plans.
CURRICULAR EVALUATION is an integral component of nursing program evaluation and provides a rigorous and systematic mechanism for assuring integrity and strengthening academic programs.
At the broadest level of academic engagement towards school, or education in general, both curricular and extra-curricular objects should be included and measured.
The project entails an educational component involving Unity College students in the design, construction, and monitoring of the facility through curricular and co-curricular activities.
To ensure that the students take the projects seriously, the Board suggested it could be one of the elements for " assessing the student's performance in extra- curricular activities".
The Quebec Education Program proposes nine cross-curricular competences grouped in four categories (Cross curricular competences, 2009): intellectual: uses information, solves problems; exercises critical judgment; uses creativity; methodological: adopts effective work methods; uses information and communications technologies; personal and social: achieves his/her potential; cooperates with others; communication-related: communicates appropriately.
This project will increase the number of Hispanic and other low-income students attaining science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) degrees by providing seamless curricular transitions from Miami Dade College to the University of Puerto Rico, as well as peer tutoring, student and faculty mentoring and research opportunities.
This article draws from the existing studies about mathematics teacher educator development and additional mathematics education literature to examine Shulman's (1986) notion of curricular knowledge for mathematics teacher educators and how growth in curricular knowledge can be facilitated.