curriculum


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Related to curriculum: curriculum vitae, Curriculum vitæ

curriculum

1. a course of study in one subject at a school or college
2. a list of all the courses of study offered by a school or college

Curriculum

 

an outline that specifies the subjects to be studied at a given educational institution and the years in the course of study during which each subject is to be studied.

A curriculum generally consists of three parts. The first is a schedule of periods for lecture classes, practical training, production training, examinations or laboratory examinations, work on the diploma thesis or diploma project, and vacations. The second part of the curriculum specifies the duration of each period of instruction for each year of study and for the entire course of study. The third part of the curriculum is a program that lists required, alternative, and elective subjects, the number of class hours for each subject, and a schedule of these hours by week, semester, and academic year. This program also gives the dates of examinations and tests and the dates when course papers or projects are due. In addition, the program indicates the number of hours assigned for lectures, seminars, laboratory work, and drills or exercises for each subject. The third part of the curriculum may also list fields of specialization and the subjects in each field.

In the USSR and other socialist countries the curriculum is generally identical for educational institutions of a given type. As a rule, major higher educational institutions with universally recognized schools of education have their own curricula. These institutions include the universities in Moscow, Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Kiev, and a number of other cities, as well as the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School.

The content of the curricula of general-educational, specialized secondary, and higher educational institutions guarantees that a uniform body of knowledge will be covered and also ensures equal opportunities for graduates to continue their education at a higher level. The curricula of the Soviet school system facilitate a communist upbringing and the comprehensive development of students. The curricula prepare students for life and work and inspire them with a desire to continue their education during their entire working career.

Curricula provide a necessary balance between the humanities and the natural sciences and also coordinate theoretical study and practical training. The sequence of subjects studied is designed to provide a basis of knowledge and the subsequent assimilation of increasingly advanced material. The amount of time allotted to individual subjects is determined by their importance at a given level of study, by the general aims and scope of the entire course of study, and by the course’s ratio between theoretical material and practical training. The extent of knowledge and skills that the student is expected to acquire during the course of study is also taken into consideration. The material outlined in the curriculum is made explicit in syllabi, textbooks, and teaching aids.

In a number of capitalist countries, general-educational schools do not have uniform curricula, and there is no continuity in the curricula of succeeding levels of study. A more extensive scope of material is covered in educational institutions for the privileged in, for example, Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. These factors make higher education widely accessible only to children of the privileged classes in a number of capitalist countries. In the USA each state uses its own curricula.

A. I. BOGOMOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
For this, HEC has introduced uniform curriculum to establish linkage among universities as well as to fulfill the market need of industries.
The process of curriculum development and its delivery has to be in consonance with the national policies on education and aims to be achieved through education.
MCPS learned a great deal from its Singapore Math pilot and used its concepts significantly in the revised curriculum.
The time for a preservation curriculum has arrived as historic landmarks in New York City and beyond crumble under the weight of decades of age, weather and pollution.
This approach has the virtue of causing the fewest turf wars among departments because it does not emphasize a curriculum that favors any department.
Joseph Skinner, who attended the Odessa school board meeting at which the NCBCPS curriculum was approved, and who supports the vote for the NCBCPS curriculum, points out the important criterion: "I could see what they're saying [about the NCBCPS being sectarian], but if you want to teach the Bible, you don't want someone biased against the Bible teaching about it.
Further development of core curriculum material will be forthcoming from this meeting, posted online and presented later to NASM member schools.
There are three realities of modern education that shape all public school classroom content: the National Science Education Standards (NSES), state curriculum standards, and the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, also known as the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001.
Lois Huey-Heck is the team leader for interpretation of the new curriculum at Wood Lake Books, in Kelowna, B.
The curriculum will be available on CD-ROM for Illinois high school instructors and other states' teachers this spring.
St Mary's, along with the American School in Japan, which offers an American-style curriculum for students from age 3 to grade 12, is fully accredited by the Western Association of Schools and Colleges (WASC).
This problem stimulated our Psychology Department at Ursuline College to explore program and curriculum changes that might enhance our students' performances and help them to become better prepared applicants in the graduate school process.

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