curriculum

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curriculum

1. a course of study in one subject at a school or college
2. a list of all the courses of study offered by a school or college

Curriculum

 

an outline that specifies the subjects to be studied at a given educational institution and the years in the course of study during which each subject is to be studied.

A curriculum generally consists of three parts. The first is a schedule of periods for lecture classes, practical training, production training, examinations or laboratory examinations, work on the diploma thesis or diploma project, and vacations. The second part of the curriculum specifies the duration of each period of instruction for each year of study and for the entire course of study. The third part of the curriculum is a program that lists required, alternative, and elective subjects, the number of class hours for each subject, and a schedule of these hours by week, semester, and academic year. This program also gives the dates of examinations and tests and the dates when course papers or projects are due. In addition, the program indicates the number of hours assigned for lectures, seminars, laboratory work, and drills or exercises for each subject. The third part of the curriculum may also list fields of specialization and the subjects in each field.

In the USSR and other socialist countries the curriculum is generally identical for educational institutions of a given type. As a rule, major higher educational institutions with universally recognized schools of education have their own curricula. These institutions include the universities in Moscow, Leningrad, Novosibirsk, Kiev, and a number of other cities, as well as the N. E. Bauman Moscow Higher Technical School.

The content of the curricula of general-educational, specialized secondary, and higher educational institutions guarantees that a uniform body of knowledge will be covered and also ensures equal opportunities for graduates to continue their education at a higher level. The curricula of the Soviet school system facilitate a communist upbringing and the comprehensive development of students. The curricula prepare students for life and work and inspire them with a desire to continue their education during their entire working career.

Curricula provide a necessary balance between the humanities and the natural sciences and also coordinate theoretical study and practical training. The sequence of subjects studied is designed to provide a basis of knowledge and the subsequent assimilation of increasingly advanced material. The amount of time allotted to individual subjects is determined by their importance at a given level of study, by the general aims and scope of the entire course of study, and by the course’s ratio between theoretical material and practical training. The extent of knowledge and skills that the student is expected to acquire during the course of study is also taken into consideration. The material outlined in the curriculum is made explicit in syllabi, textbooks, and teaching aids.

In a number of capitalist countries, general-educational schools do not have uniform curricula, and there is no continuity in the curricula of succeeding levels of study. A more extensive scope of material is covered in educational institutions for the privileged in, for example, Great Britain and the Federal Republic of Germany. These factors make higher education widely accessible only to children of the privileged classes in a number of capitalist countries. In the USA each state uses its own curricula.

A. I. BOGOMOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
They have as much to learn from each other as they do from the curriculum or the professors.
This all has an impact on how they learn, how we should teach, how we select and develop faculty, and faculty responsibilities for curriculum development and research.
Prerequisites: Candidates must be 18 years old and hold "D" License or have approval of the State Director of Coaching to attend Curriculum Emphasis of the "Y" Course:
But the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA) "Corn in the Classroom" Web-based curriculum has taken a subject which on the surface seems somewhat unappealing to teachers and turned it into a case study about how to promote corn by using a family to tell the story of this important commodity.
The Web-based classroom curriculum on corn has 1,500 hits per month and is being used by teachers throughout the country, says Gary Bradley, NCGA strategic marketing communications manager, in the association's St.
This misperception is reinforced by traditional accounting curriculums that focus on assigned problems designed to arrive at only one acceptable answer.
Undoubtedly, the CPA exam has been a major driver in shaping many accounting curriculums to the exclusion of broader objectives.
DLAM, founded by Peter Yarrow of the legendary folk trio Peter, Paul and Mary, is a program designed to build safer and more respectful school environments through classroom-based character education curriculums and social and emotional learning (SEL) programs.
Through a collaboration with Peter Yarrow by Linda Lantieri, founding director of the Resolving Conflict Creatively Program (RCCP), and teacher, writer, and curriculum developer Laura Parker Roerden the DLAM curricula for Grades 2-5 and 6-8 and for summer camps and after school programs was born.
Based on this research, it is recommended that mathematics and science curriculums utilize theme-based integration and skill-based integration as often as possible in Grade 6.
The purpose of this study was to examine whether or not an interdisciplinary mathematics/science curriculum and pedagogy was superior to a traditional block-scheduling mathematics curriculum as measured by student attitudes.
Incorporated in 1993, Instruction Set develops and markets more than 400 stand-alone web-based technical training courses in addition to offering customized, instructor-led technical training curriculums with integrated web-based training support.