Dido

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Dido

(dī`dō), in Roman mythology, queen of Carthage, also called Elissa. She was the daughter of a king of Tyre. After her brother Pygmalion murdered her husband, she fled to Libya, where she founded and ruled Carthage. According to one legend, Dido threw herself on a burning pyre to escape marriage to the king of Libya. In the Aeneid, Vergil tells how she fell in love with AeneasAeneas
, in Greek mythology, a Trojan, son of Anchises and Aphrodite. After the fall of Troy he escaped, bearing his aged father on his back. He stayed at Carthage with Queen Dido, then went to Italy, where his descendants founded Rome.
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, who had been shipwrecked at Carthage, and destroyed herself on the pyre when, at Jupiter's command, he left to continue his journey to Italy.

Dido

 

(also Elissa), in ancient mythology the sister of the king of Tyre (in Phoenicia). Founder of Carthage.

According to the Roman version of the myth as treated in Book IV of Vergil’s Aeneid, Dido fell in love with Aeneas, who was cast upon the shores of Carthage by a storm. After his departure she committed suicide. The figure of the lovesick and abandoned Dido has enjoyed great popularity through the centuries in literature, opera (H. Purcell, J. Haydn, and others), and painting (A. Mantegna, P. Rubens, S. Bourdon, H. Fiiger, and others).

Dido

contracts for as much land as can be enclosed by an oxhide; by cutting it into a strip she obtains enough to found a city. [Rom. Legend: Collier’s VI, 259]
See: Cunning

Dido

kills herself when Aeneas abandons her. [Rom. Myth.: Avery, 392–393; Rom. Lit.: Aeneid]
See: Suicide