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see primroseprimrose,
common name for the genus Primula of the Primulaceae, a family of low perennial herbs with species found on all continents, most frequently in north temperate regions.
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a genus of stemless perennial herbaceous plants of the family Primulaceae. The plants form a tuberous rhizome and a rosette of long-petioled, rounded-reniform leaves. The drooping flowers are solitary and on long pedicels; their coloration is white, pink, and red. There are more than 20 species (according to other data, about 55), distributed in the Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia. The USSR has six or seven species, growing in the Crimea and the Caucasus. The plants grow in mountain forests and in shrubbery thickets.

Commonly cultivated are varieties and hybrids of the large-flowered C. persicum. One of the best houseplants, it blossoms from October through March. After flowering the leaves die off, and the plants become dormant. The plant begins to grow again at the end of May, at which time transplantation is necessary. Propagation is by seeds, which are sown in hothouses in July and August. Seedlings are transplanted several times, first into boxes and then into pots. With proper care (sufficient light, moderate temperatures, regular but not excessive watering) the plants are long-lived, sometimes living more than 20 years. C. europeum, which has small aromatic flowers, is also grown as a houseplant. C. coum and C. vernum are grown in the open ground.


Saakov, S. G. Tsiklamen. Moscow, 1959.
Kiselev, G. E. Tsvetovodstvo, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1964.
Iukhimchuk, D. F. Tsvety. Kiev, 1964.


traditional symbol of timidity. [Flower Symbolism: Jobes, 400]


1. any Old World plant of the primulaceous genus Cyclamen, having nodding white, pink, or red flowers, with reflexed petals
2. of a dark reddish-purple colour
References in periodicals archive ?
After several months of royal treatment, the leaves of the cyclamen will turn yellow in color and flaccid in appearance.
Cyclamen are generally free from pests and diseases though they may be attacked by red spider mites spreading from other houseplants or vine weevils introduced in old compost.
Cyclamen is a plant that needs plenty of light and an east or north-facing windowsill is ideal.
2 Glitzing up cyclamen and ivy for Christmas Pink or red cyclamen make wonderful living centrepiece arrangements for your Christmas table.
A good buy when you consider that the time required to grow a cyclamen from seed (the preferred method) is between 15 and 18 months.
There are many species of cyclamen, some hardy and suitable for outdoor cultivation,but the house plants have been bred from Cyclamen persicum ,a sweets cented species 15cm(6in) tall that came to Britain from Turkey and Greece -though, to judge by its species name, it presumably originated in Persia.
Cyclamen are often considered to be a winter house plant, too tender to be grown outdoors, but there are several hardy types that look wonderful in the garden, with daintier flowers than the popular house plants, followed by beautifully marbled leaves.
Another bulb for going in at this time of the year is the hardy Cyclamen - opt for young plants in flower if you're buying Cyclamen hederifolium or plants with a few leaves beginning to emerge if you prefer winter-flowering Cyclamen coum.
CYCLAMEN are popular houseplants at this time of year but soon fail if they are kept in conditions which are too hot or if they are over- watered.
THE cyclamen is usually thought of as a tender, large-flowered houseplant with lovely marbled leaves.
Azaleas and Cyclamen sold out of doors are fine as long as the temperature is above freezing.
Cyclamen plants are stunning in silvered glass pots; filled-glass candles add a contemporary look.