# length

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## length

1. Prosody Phonetics the metrical quantity or temporal duration of a vowel or syllable
2. the distance from one end of a rectangular swimming bath to the other
3. Prosody the quality of a vowel, whether stressed or unstressed, that distinguishes it from another vowel of similar articulatory characteristics. Thus in English beat is of greater length than in English bit
4. Cricket the distance from the batsman at which the ball pitches
5. Bridge a holding of four or more cards in a suit

## Length

A one-dimensional extension in space. Length is one of the three fundamental physical quantities, the others being mass and time. It can be measured by comparison with an arbitrary standard; the specific one in most common usage is the international meter. In 1983, at the meeting of the Conférence Général des Poids et Mésures, the meter was redefined in terms of time and the speed of light: “The meter is the length of the path traveled by light in vacuum during a time interval of 1/299 792 458 of a second.” This definition defines the speed of light to be exactly 299 792 458 m/s, and defines the meter in terms of the most accurately known quantity, the second. See Light, Mass, Time

## Length

a numerical characteristic of the extent of curves. The concept of length is defined differently for different cases. (1) The length of a line segment is the distance between its end points, measured by some segment taken as a unit of length. (2) The length of a polygonal line is the sum of the lengths of its components. (3) The length of a simple arc is the limit of the lengths of polygonal lines inscribed in the arc, when the number of components increases indefinitely and the maximum length of the components tends to zero. (4) The length of a continuous curve consisting of a finite number of simple arcs is equal to the sum of the lengths of these arcs. For example, the circumference of a circle can be obtained as the limit of the perimeters of inscribed regular polygons when the number of their sides is doubled indefinitely; it is equal to 2πR where R is the radius of the circle. Any continuous curve has finite or infinite length. If its length is finite, then the curve is said to be rectifiable. The graph (see Figure 1) of the function

for 0 <x ≤ 1 and f(x) = 0 when x = 0 is an example of a nonrectifiable curve; here the lengths of the inscribed polygonal lines increase beyond all bound as the length of the components tend to zero. If the equation of a plane curve has the form y =f(x) (a ^ x ^ b)m rectangular coordinates and the function f(x) has a continuous derivative f’(x), then the length of the curve is given by the integral

The length of a curve given in parametric form and the length of a space curve can be expressed in a similar manner.

Figure 1

To calculate the length of a curve the mathematicians of antiquity essentially used lengths of polygonal lines and passage to the limit. For them, however, such passage to the limit was only a method for calculating the length of a curve and not for defining the concept of the length of a curve, since they apparently perceived the latter as one of the elementary mathematical concepts. The necessity of defining the length of a curve became clear only in the first half of the 19th century. A full elucidation of the problem was achieved by C. Jordan. In differential geometry the length of a curve is also defined on a surface or in an arbitrary Riemannian space.

### REFERENCES

Lebesgue, H. Ob izmerenii velichin, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from French.)
Fikhtengol’ts, G. M. Kurs differentsial’nogo i integral’nogo ischisleniya, 7th ed. vol. 2. Moscow, 1969.

## length

[leŋkth]
(mechanics)
Extension in space.
References in periodicals archive ?
Second, changes in projected market prices for the crop, yield variations due to a variety of differences, and contraction or extension of the crop cycle length can significantly affect the estimated value of a sugarcane crop.
The cycles (starting from the trough) are 1972 to 1979, 1979 to 1986, and 1986 to 1993 respectively, which gives a cycle length of 7 years each as observed by Chen (1997).
Conclusion: In patients with AVNRT undergoing slow pathway ablation, the duration of atrial electrogram >40 ms and slow junctional beats with cycle length >550 ms during the application of RF energy describe the electrophysiological properties of successful slow pathway RF ablation.
This study demonstrates that the novel hybrid cemented cage glenoids tested in three different cyclic loading scenarios maintain fixation without failure or fracture regardless of polyurethane density, loading magnitude, or cycle length.
If the average path length is shorter than the cycle length most countries will share at least one autocatalytic trade cycle.
In this case, the logistic map has very small cycle lengths.
Patient characteristics, including age, parity, race, body mass index, menstrual cycle length, and ovarian volume on ultrasound, were compared between the combined contraceptive vaginal ring and combined OCP groups (Table 1).
They also noted the capacity of a signalized intersection with a short right-turn lane is strongly related to the length of the short lane, the proportion of through and right-turn vehicles, and cycle length (Tian, Wu 2006).
The simulations were run for two different cycle lengths to see the effect cycle length has on [COP.
8%) had cycle length <21 days and >35 days, we did not endeavor to find any association between cycle length and dysmenorrhea.
Cycle length in the study ranged from 14 to 50 days.
Lengths of Recessions and Recoveries Cycle Length of recession Length of recovery Duration of recovery (quarters) (quarters) (quarters) 1948:Q4 4 3 1.

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