Cyclorama

(redirected from cycloramas)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to cycloramas: scrims

cyclorama

[¦sī·klə′räm·ə]
(graphic arts)
A vertical surface, often curved, used to form the background for theatrical settings; an illusion of depth is achieved by even lighting.

Cyclorama

 

a type of spatial, or plastic, art. A cyclorama consists of a ribbon-like picture, stretched over the inside surface of a cylindrical frame and combined with an assortment of objects—including structures and real objects—which are arranged in a circle in front of it. It depends for its effect on special lighting. Usually housed in a special building with a round hall, it is viewed from a platform in the center of the room. Because cycloramas create the illusion of real space, encircling the viewer in the manner of a horizon, they are used primarily to represent events occurring over a sizable area with a large number of participants.

The first cyclorama was created in Edinburgh at the end of the 18th century by the Irish painter R. Barker. Cycloramas, usually of battle scenes, became widespread in the 19th century. The most important cycloramas in Russia were created by the painter F. A. Rubo. His Siege of Sevastopol’ (1902–04) opened in Sevastopol’ (1902-04) in 1905. It was badly damaged during the 1941–42 siege of Sevastopol’ but was restored and reopened in 1954. The Battle of Borodino, painted in 1911, opened in Moscow in 1912 and again in 1962. The Soviet painters M. B. Grekov, G. K. Savit-skii, P. P. Sokolov-Skalia, and N. G. Kotov have all worked on cycloramas.

REFERENCE

Petropavlovskii, V. Iskusstvo panoram i dioram. Kiev, 1965.

cyclorama

A curved backdrop at the rear of a theater stage, sometimes extending around to the proscenium arch in a U-shape; usually painted to simulate the sky.
References in periodicals archive ?
Just as the cyclorama (often cited in pre-histories of virtual reality) seems to anticipate the immersive Cave technology of today, so Daphne's reverie seems to yearn for the multiple, bifurcating narratives, the ones that keep many possibilities alive and in play, so important to Coover's corpus; those narratives which anticipated the hypertext software his own institution, Brown University, duly, if coincidentally, delivered.
The set will include 26,000 feet of metal pipe covered in gold and silver leaf and arranged vertically in screens, a paneled cyclorama that will take on different colors, frosted pillars lit from within and a towering center-stage spiral of 23 golden Oscars (which he considers his little Busby Berkeley touch).
The precisely engineered and luxurious industrial space contains 11 expansive column-free studios, each of which includes cycloramas and massive sliding folding walls that can be opened to create gigantic modular studios.