cyclostome(redirected from cyclostomous)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
cyclostome(sī`kləstōm'), jawless fish, member of the vertebrate superclass Cyclostomata (see ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
..... Click the link for more information. ). This group includes the hagfishhagfish,
primitive, jawless marine fish of the family Myxinidae, of worldwide distribution in cold and temperate waters. Its rudimentary skeleton, of cartilage rather than bone, has a braincase, but no jaw. The circular sucking mouth has rows of horny teeth.
..... Click the link for more information. and the lampreylamprey,
name for several primitive marine and freshwater jawless fishes of the order Petromyzontiformes. As in the other jawless fish, the hagfish, the adult lamprey retains the notochord, the supporting structure that in higher vertebrates is found only in the embryo.
..... Click the link for more information. .