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in Europe, fermented juice of apples; in the United States, unfermented apple juice, unless allowed to ferment, in which case it is typically known as hard cider. Selected apples are grated in a mill, and the juice is expressed and, for hard cider, fermented and filtered. The commercial product is usually pasteurized or treated with preservatives and is frequently blended to balance the chief constituents, sugar, malic acid, and tannin. In France cider is made principally in Normandy and Brittany. It is at its best after a year or two in cask. English cider from the southern and western counties is noted and rivals beer as a popular alcoholic beverage. Cider is popular also in Germany, Spain, and Switzerland. Perry is a similar beverage made from pears.



a low-alcohol (5–7 percent by volume) fruit wine obtained by the fermentation of apple juice. The characteristic qualities of cider are attributable to the taste and aroma of apples and to the saturation of the fermented beverage with carbon dioxide. Cider is generally made from late-season apples and may be sweet (sugar content, 10 g/l), semisweet (5 g/l), and dry (sugarless).

Cider originated in northern France, where it is the name given to any alcoholic beverage made from apples. It is consumed widely in Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, and other countries. In the USSR, cider is produced in the RSFSR, Byelorussia, Ukraine, and Kazakhstan.


(food engineering)
Juice extracted from apples or similar fruits that has not been subjected to processing.


, cyder
1. an alcoholic drink made from the fermented juice of apples
2. US and Canadian an unfermented drink made from apple juice
References in periodicals archive ?
Three variants will be available for use in food manufacturing; Aspall Draught Suffolk cyder at 5.
SBS says the Aspall Organic Cyder is made exclusively from apples harvested from Aspall's own organic orchards in the heart of Suffolk, and certified organic by the UK Soil Association.
Free tastings and tours of the Cyder Museum and Brandy Cellars in Penhallow are the big attractions for mum and dad, but there are friendly farm animals, tractor rides and a Jam Kitchen for all the family.
Organic Cyder Vinegar is a pure cooking ingredient and a health remedy.
John Majoribanks Chevallier Guild and others t/a Aspall (a partnership), The Cyder House, Aspall Hall, Debenham, Stowmarket, Suffolk IP14 6PD.
Cornish Cyder Farm: They do just about everything you can do to an apple here, with more than 40 types of fruit products on offer at Cornwall's only distillery - the first in the county for 300 years.
Andy Cyder gave Shifnal Town a last-gasp winner as they beat Pershore Town 2-1 at Phoenix Park.
As Davies tells us (13): "No better cyder does the world supply, / Than grows along thy borders, gentle Wye.
Aspall Introduces an Innovative Imperial Cyder II-25
David Healey, MD of The Cornish Cyder Farm, said: "As a small producer we would say it's overdue.
The design of the Aspall tetra carton depicts the original Cyder House at Aspall circa 1930 a view that has barely changed since.