Cyprinidae

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Cyprinidae

[sī′prin·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The largest family of fishes, including minnows and carps in the order Cypriniformes.

Cyprinidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The body is scaleless or covered with cycloid scales. There are approximately 200 genera and more than 1,000 species. In the USSR there are more than 50 genera. Cyprinids are freshwater migratory fishes; they are found throughout the world, except for South America, Australia, and Madagascar. They are the most abundant fauna in the USSR, Southern Asia, and tropical Africa. In the USSR, cyprinids are found in the Amur River and in the basins of the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They dwell in cold rapid waters and also in very warm waters that are poorly oxygenated. Their eggs are usually deposited on vegetation. Some species lay eggs on sand and rocks; others simply deposit them in deep water. The Amur false gudgeon (Pseudogobio rivularis) and the Chinese chebachok (Pseudorasbora parva) guard their eggs.

Many cyprinids have commercial importance, such as the North Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus), the European bream (Abramis brama), and the carp (Cyprinus carpio). Some species, including the carp and the crucian carp (Carassius carassius) are raised and bred in ponds. The domesticated carp, grasscarp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), black carp (Mylopharyngo-don piceus), bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) have been adapted to waters in the European USSR, Middle Asia, Rumania, Poland, Cuba, and the German Democratic Republic.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

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One of the interesting sidelights of the Reid study concerns the silver cyprinid fish widely consumed by Mwanzans.
Other fish species such as the cyprinids Scarlet Shiner (Lythrurus fasciolaris), Striped Shiner (Luxilus chrysocephalus) and Stoneroller (Campostoma oligolepis) and the centrarchids Spotted Bass (Micropterus punctulatus) and Redbreast Sunfish (Lepomis auritus) were commonly observed and netted in Limestone Creek.
The increasing length is a species-specific phenomenon; cyprinids, pike or perch do not show the same development.
Identification of microsatellite loci for parentage analysis in roach Rutilus rutilus and 8 other cyprinid fish by cross-species amplification, and a novel test for detecting hybrids between roach and other cyprinids.
137]Cs in the predatory fish (perch and pike) were significantly higher than that in cyprinid fish (roach and bream) (Marciulioniene and Petkeviciute 1997).
Bond, Gila boraxobins, A New Species of Cyprinid Fish from Southeastern Oregon with a Comparison to G.
Notropis amnis, a new cyprinid fish of the Mississippi fauna, with two subspecies.
The silver carp is a species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to north and northeast Asia.
Localized defecation by pike: a response to labeling by cyprinid alarm pheromone.
Moreover, direct observations performed at the White-tailed Eagle nest near Harjanurme on 17 June 2002 reported a pike, a cyprinid, and a nestling of unidentified bird species as prey items brought to the nest during the day (data by U.
Their topics include the evolutionary role of hybridization and polyploidy in an Iberian cyprinid fish, chromosomal analysis in population structuring and stock identification, nucleolar organizer region markers in identifying and managing rainbow trout stocks reared in Brazil, and applying fluorescence in situ hybridization to genome mapping in fish.
1984), reported that the flagellum was rather short in comparison with that of the cyprinid fishes and two lateral ridges formed by the plasma membrane extended from the flagellum.