Cyprinidae

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Cyprinidae

[sī′prin·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The largest family of fishes, including minnows and carps in the order Cypriniformes.

Cyprinidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The body is scaleless or covered with cycloid scales. There are approximately 200 genera and more than 1,000 species. In the USSR there are more than 50 genera. Cyprinids are freshwater migratory fishes; they are found throughout the world, except for South America, Australia, and Madagascar. They are the most abundant fauna in the USSR, Southern Asia, and tropical Africa. In the USSR, cyprinids are found in the Amur River and in the basins of the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They dwell in cold rapid waters and also in very warm waters that are poorly oxygenated. Their eggs are usually deposited on vegetation. Some species lay eggs on sand and rocks; others simply deposit them in deep water. The Amur false gudgeon (Pseudogobio rivularis) and the Chinese chebachok (Pseudorasbora parva) guard their eggs.

Many cyprinids have commercial importance, such as the North Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus), the European bream (Abramis brama), and the carp (Cyprinus carpio). Some species, including the carp and the crucian carp (Carassius carassius) are raised and bred in ponds. The domesticated carp, grasscarp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), black carp (Mylopharyngo-don piceus), bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) have been adapted to waters in the European USSR, Middle Asia, Rumania, Poland, Cuba, and the German Democratic Republic.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Quantification of differences in digestibility of phosphorus among cyprinids, cichlids, and salmonids through a mathematical modelling approach.
Pathology of cyprinid fishes caused by Bothriocephalus gowkongensis Yeh 1955 (Cestoda: Pseudophyllidea).
Among the studied 435 cyprinid specimens (89 specimens (20.
This species belongs to cyprinid group, found in the streams of running water in hilly areas.
Other fish species such as the cyprinids Scarlet Shiner (Lythrurus fasciolaris), Striped Shiner (Luxilus chrysocephalus) and Stoneroller (Campostoma oligolepis) and the centrarchids Spotted Bass (Micropterus punctulatus) and Redbreast Sunfish (Lepomis auritus) were commonly observed and netted in Limestone Creek.
Therefore, to facilitate the conservation of freshwater fisheries in the natural waters of Punjab province, it is pertinent to reveal the tolerance limits of cyprinids against metals mixtures.
Spatial distribution of drifting cyprinid fishes in a shallow lowland river.
Notropis amnis, a new cyprinid fish of the Mississippi fauna, with two subspecies.
These include the cyprinid Gila grahamii Baird & Girard 1853 (USNM 252 [syntype]) (a synonym of Gila robusta) (see Gilbert 1998:88); the catostomids Catostomus latipinnis Baird & Girard 1853 (USNM 254 [paralectotype]) (see Gilbert 1998:189-190) and Catostomus lactarius Girard 1856 (USNM 257 [syntype]) (a synonym of Catostomus catostomus) (see Gilbert 1998:189); and the centrarchids Pomoxis nitidus Girard 1858 (USNM 261 [syntype]) (a synonym of Pomoxis annularis) (see Gilbert 1998:244) and Enneacanthus margarotis Gill & Jordan 1877 (USNM 20494 [syntype]) (a synonym of Enneacanthus gloriosus) (see Gilbert 1998:241).
The silver carp is a species of freshwater cyprinid fish, a variety of Asian carp native to north and northeast Asia.
Moreover, direct observations performed at the White-tailed Eagle nest near Harjanurme on 17 June 2002 reported a pike, a cyprinid, and a nestling of unidentified bird species as prey items brought to the nest during the day (data by U.