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examination of the urinary bladder by means of a special instrument—a cystoscope—consisting of an optical system within a hollow metal housing. The cystoscope is inserted into the urinary bladder through the urethra. For purposes of diagnosis, the bladder is irrigated through the hollow housing of the cystoscope and filled with a transparent disinfecting fluid. The cystoscope is useful in diagnosing such urological diseases as chronic cystitis, tuberculosis, calculi, and tumors in the bladder, as well as inflammations and tumors in the adjacent organs—the uterus and vagina in women and the prostate and rectum in men. Specially designed cystoscopes are used to catheterize the ureters and renal pelves, to perform a biopsy, and for certain types of surgical intervention in the urinary tract and prostate (for example, crushing the calculi in the bladder).


Frumkin, A. P. Tsistoskopicheskii atlas. Moscow, 1954.
Pytel’, A. Ia., and N. A. Lopatkin. Urologiia. Moscow, 1970.


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6,7] have shown that computed tomography (CT) urography, very frequently, miss lesions smaller than 1 cm, that is why cystoscopy should be a part of the initial diagnostic algorithm.
The advisability of performing cystoscopy routinely in all gynecologic surgical procedures has been debated and should be studied further.
Itt 23 cases with normal bladder necks, the anastomosis was created under the guidance of antegrade cystoscopy with fluoroscopy.
Data from the pivotal 305 trial demonstrates that Cysview cystoscopy significantly improves detection of papillary bladder cancer, leading to a more complete resection of bladder cancer and significantly improving disease-free survival when compared to white light cystoscopy," said Professor H.
Many urinary-based markers are now available for use, but cystoscopy remains the standard of care, he said.
A flexible cystoscopy is less painful and can be done under a local anaesthetic, although it will be painful to pass water for a couple of days afterwards.
1990) screened 385 MBOCA-exposed workers and revealed a papillary tumor in one worker after cystoscopy; two low-grade papillary transitional cell carcinomas of the urinary bladder were diagnosed in two of the remaining 200 workers examined by cystoscopy.
However, routine cystoscopy frequently overlooks carcinoma in situ and small, solid high-grade or papillary tumors (14,15).
The Proxima line includes surgical packs with disposable supplies for a myriad of surgical needs such as general surgery, cardiovascular, cystoscopy, head and neck and ophthalmology.
The researchers periodically examined by cystoscopy the most-exposed workers.
Cracks, scars, and Hunner's ulcers (star-shaped sores) in the bladder wall may bleed when the bladder is filled to capacity during a cystoscopy.
4] conducted a small randomized control trial comparing cystoscopy to TUDP in the management of BPH.