daimyo


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Related to daimyo: Oda Nobunaga, Tokugawa Ieyasu

daimyo

(dī`myô) [Jap.,=great name], the great feudal landholders of Japan, the territorial barons as distinguished from the kuge, or court nobles. Great tax-free estates were built up from the 8th cent. onward by the alienation of lands to members of the imperial family who could not be supported at court. These estates were administered by territorial barons, or the daimyo. By the 12th cent. certain daimyo had become more powerful than the emperor himself. One, YoritomoYoritomo
(Yoritomo Minamoto) , 1148–99, Japanese warrior and dictator, founder of the Kamakura shogunate. After a prolonged struggle he led his clan, the Minamoto, to victory over the Taira in 1185.
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, became the first shogunshogun
, title of the feudal military administrator who from the 12th cent. to the 19th cent. was, as the emperor's military deputy, the actual ruler of Japan. The title itself, Sei-i-tai Shogun [barbarian-subduing generalissimo], dates back to 794 and originally meant commander
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 and forcefully revised this situation by setting up a centralized feudal system. The power of the shogun disintegrated during the fierce civil wars of the 14th, 15th, and 16th cent., but in the early 17th cent. IeyasuIeyasu
(Ieyasu Tokugawa) , 1542–1616, Japanese warrior and dictator. A gifted leader and brilliant general, he founded the Tokugawa shogunate. Early in his career he helped Nobunaga and Hideyoshi unify Japan.
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 completed the reunification of Japan. The daimyo who supported Ieyasu before the decisive battle of Sekigahara (1600) became the fudai, or hereditary vassals, and his opponents were known as tozama, or outside lords. The tozama, who controlled the rich western fiefs, were generally viewed with suspicion by the shogun and were excluded from office in the central government. Ieyasu's descendants, the TokugawaTokugawa
, family that held the shogunate (see shogun) and controlled Japan from 1603 to 1867. Founded by Ieyasu, the Tokugawa regime was a centralized feudalism. The Tokugawa themselves held approximately one fourth of the country in strategically located parcels, which they
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 shoguns, deployed the daimyo and shifted their fiefs to retain power in the central government. In the 18th and early 19th cent. the daimyo, with their tastes for luxury and need for show in long stays at the court, were hard pressed by the limits of their incomes (in general, tax revenue from peasants and merchants in their fief). They tended to sink deeper and deeper in debt, especially to the merchants of Tokyo and Osaka, while their social and economic usefulness approached the vanishing point. The daimyo were advised by a council of elders consisting of their highest-ranking vassals. The civil and military administration of the daimyo domains were staffed by the samurai. Pressured by their advisers, who argued that the Tokugawa regime was too weak to counter the Western threat, tozama barons of W Japan (notably Satsuma, Choshu, Tosa, and Hizen) joined the imperial court to overthrow the shogun in the Meiji restorationMeiji restoration,
The term refers to both the events of 1868 that led to the "restoration" of power to the emperor and the entire period of revolutionary changes that coincided with the Meiji emperor's reign (1868–1912).
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 (1868). Convinced of the need to establish a centralized administration, these daimyo returned their fiefs to the emperor (1869). By 1871 all daimyo had lost their feudal privileges.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Kyogen Utsubozaru (The Monkey Skin Quiver), a daimyo tries to kill a monkey to get its skin.
Michael Chijiwa, also thirteen, was a cousin of the daimyos of Arima Harunobu and Omura Sumitada.
As the Daimyo (clan leader), players control thousands of warriors with individual AI who behave and respond according to the rules of Sun Tzu's The Art of War.
Holcombe places special emphasis on the economic and social changes, including the commercialization of the Chinese economy, the institution of the Yangban social orders in Korea, and the origins of the samurai and rise of the daimyo in Japan.
Covering 277 daimyo clans in the year 1867, each individual daimyo is provided with a mon (family crest), a han (fief) name, revenue size, rank at the Shogun's castle in Edo, prior ancestry, domain and castle descriptions, and a great deal more.
of Maryland-Baltimore County) looks for the human face of an institution known as alternate attendance: samurai in service to their daimyo were required to march from their domain's castle town to Edo, the political capital of the realm, and wait on the Tokugawa shogun, usually for a year at a time.
The parking lot, New Park Daimyo, has 18 floors and can house a maximum of 68 vehicles.
TYPE in a cheat code any time during gameplay and let your daimyo kick the opposition clear across to China.
As a samurai warrior in service to a daimyo (warlord), loyalty and swordsmanship are to be cherished, but new-fangled gunpowder is to be treated with disdain.
Japan in those days was ruled by local lords (daimyo) from their separate domains, so it was men like the daimyo of Satsuma who encouraged Xavier to proselytise.
Leupp singles out the compulsory alternate attendance at the court for all daimyo and the forced urbanization of all warriors and artisans as the most important of these policies.