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common name for members of the large family Pomacentridae, marine fishes of tropical waters. Common in the West Indies and along the Florida coasts are the sergeant-major, named for its vertical stripes, and the reef fish, found among coral reefs. The clownfish and blue devil are popular aquarium species. Males of this family guard the eggs zealously. Damselfishes rarely grow to more than 6 in. (15 cm) in length. Certain members of the family, known as anemonefishes, are found associated with sea anemones, which are injurious to the fishes' predators, and which afford protection to the anemonefishes. Damselfish are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Actinopterygii, order Perciformes, family Pomacentridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
He explained that damselfishes can only eat certain types of algae like the red Polysiphonia, because damselfishes do not have organs and digestive enzymes that would allow them to stomach more fibrous algal species - the "weeds.
Two new species of damselfishes (Pomacentridae: Chromis) from Indonesia.
Demographic consequences of variable recruitment to coral reef fish populations: A congeneric comparison of two damselfishes.
Unidentified anglefish Pomacentridae, Damselfishes 119 Abudefduf saxatilis Sergeant major Labridae, Wrasses 120 Bodianus rufus Spanish hogfish 121 Halichoeres bivittatus Slippery dick 122 Halichoeres radiatus Puddingwife 123 Halichoeres spp.
Damselfishes of the genus Pomacentrus Lacepede are common inhabitants of coral reefs throughout the Indo-west and central Pacific Ocean.
Comparative feeding ecology of two herbivorous damselfishes (Pomacentridae: Teleostei) from the Gulf of California, Mexico.
Damselfishes of the genus Pomacentrus are common inhabitants of coral reefs throughout the Indo-west and central Pacific Ocean.
It is unusual among marine reef fishes and unique among damselfishes in that it lacks a dispersive planktonic larval stage (Robertson, 1973).