block

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block

2. a casing housing one or more freely rotating pulleys
3. Pathol
a. interference in the normal physiological functioning of an organ or part
b. See heart block
c. See nerve block
4. Psychol a short interruption of perceptual or thought processes
5. Computing a group of words treated as a unit of data on a tape, disk, etc
6. Athletics short for starting block
7. Cricket a mark made near the popping crease by a batsman to indicate his position in relation to the wicket

Block

A large piece of stone, taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing and further working.

Block

 

in engineering:

(1) A unit of a mechanism in the form of a wheel with a groove around its circumference over which a cable or chain is drawn. It is used to change the direction of a tractive force and to obtain a force or velocity advantage; more rarely, to transfer a torque. Depending on their function, blocks are known as guide, balance, runner, and driving (for imparting rotary motion to a shaft) pulleys. In order to achieve a large force or velocity advantage, a lifting mechanism made up of a combination of blocks (a block and tackle) is used.

(2) A subassembly of a machine, consisting of several identical parts, such as a block of cylinders in an internal combustion engine or the spindle block in a multiple-spindle machine.

(3) A stone (concrete or ceramic) of large size (appreciably larger than a brick) used in the construction of buildings and for road surfacing.

N. IA. NIBERG

block

[bläk]
(computer science)
A group of information units (such as records, words, characters, or digits) that are transported or considered as a single unit by virtue of their being stored in successive storage locations; for example, a group of logical records constituting a physical record.
The section of a computer memory or storage device that stores such a group of information units. Also known as storage block.
To combine two or more information units into a single unit.
A contiguous group of text characters that is marked for moving, copying, saving, deletion, or some other word-processing operation.
(design engineering)
A metal or wood case enclosing one or more pulleys; has a hook with which it can be attached to an object.
(mining engineering)
A division of a mine, usually bounded by workings but sometimes by survey lines or other arbitrary limits.
In quarrying, a large portion of rock that is removed from the quarry as a solid mass for further processing at a mill.
(petroleum engineering)
The subdivision of a sea area for the licensing of oil and gas exploration and production rights.
(statistics)
In experimental design, a homogeneous aggregation of items under observation, such as a group of contiguous plots of land or all animals in a litter.

block

block, 6
1. A masonry unit; a concrete block.
2. (Brit.) A walling unit which exceeds in length, width, or height the dimensions specified for a brick.
3. A solid piece of wood or other material.
4. A plank or timber which serves as bridging between joists or the like.
5. In quarrying, the large piece of stone, generally squared, that is taken from the quarry to the mill for sawing, slabbing, and further working.
6. A mechanical

block

1. <unit> A unit of data or memory, often, but not exclusively, on a magnetic disk or magnetic tape.

Compare record, sector.

block

(1) A group of disk or tape records that is stored and transferred as a single unit. On a CD, a block consists of 98 frames of 33 bytes for a total of 3,234 bytes, or 1/75th of a second. See block level.

(2) A group of bits or bytes that is transmitted or processed as a single unit.

(3) A group of text characters that has been marked for moving, copying, saving or other operation.

(4) A rectangular group of pixels that are processed as a unit.

(5) A group of program statements that are treated as a unit based on the results of a comparison.
References in periodicals archive ?
Feature selection based on maximum entropy method would divide the cleaning RFID data blocks into rich feature set data and poor feature set data according to the features, then the sequential inflow into cleaning nodes is processed to find a suitable cleaning method, which could improve the cleaning efficiency and reduce error, and is particularly suitable for the cleaning of massive uncertainty RFID data streams.
Data Block Application Tag: This field is two bytes long and its usage is unique to the application.
In other cases, however, we disagree about what the facts are in the first place--our communication is experiencing a data block, not an ideology block.
Through VAAI [admins] issue us one command and the array then zero's out the whole data block.
In RAID 5, data is cut into fixed-size strips and separately stored in the hard disks in turn; meanwhile, a parity block will be created in each horizontal stripe or block and is designed to protect other data blocks in horizontal blocks, but can only handle single data block damage.
Contract award: interpretation of the data block 2dseizmichni "1-18 thrace.
vReplicator, installed with the vSphere solution from VMware, scans each VM at the data block level, captures only data changes that have been made since the last replication, generates an image of the VM and condenses the image to shrink the file size.
Our new Data De-Duplication Technology enables Virtual Full backups, which back up each unique data block across all Virtual Machines instead of creating separate full and delta backups for each Virtual Machine.
If the timer expires, the application will resend the data block.
In addition, SAN/iQ performs data block defragmentation as a background task so that the data blocks for a volume are perpetually optimized for performance and layout over time.
After the swipe, the data travels through the merchant POS system as an encrypted data block and eliminates compromises at the merchant location.