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name for a palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
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 (Phoenix dactylifera) and for its edible fruit. Probably native to Arabia and North Africa, it has from earliest times been a principal food in many desert and tropical regions. For some 4,000 years it has been grown near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is cultivated in many other warm regions, including parts of the SW United States and Mexico.

The trees sometimes reach a height of 100 ft (30.5 m) and yield fruit for generations. Staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers are borne on separate trees, and pollination of those grown commercially is usually done by hand. Seedless dates may be produced without pollination but they are inferior. Heavy, pendant clusters of the sweet, nutritious fruits are produced; the yield after maturity (10 to 15 years) is usually from 100 to 200 lb (45–90 kg) or more per tree annually. Each fruit is 1 to 3 in. (2.54–7.6 cm) long, reddish brown or yellowish brown, and somewhat cylindrical or oblong. When ripe, the bunches of fruit are cut intact from the palm and matured in a warm place.

In the Old World, a sugar and a fermented drink are made from the sap of the date palm and other species of Phoenix, and the seeds are sometimes roasted and used as a coffee substitute or pressed for oil, leaving a residue useful for stock feed. The wood of the trunk is often used in construction and the leaves are used for weaving mats and baskets.

Dates are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.



the fruit of the date palm. Dates are eaten fresh or dried and are used to make various dishes. They are a major food in the Arabic countries, where no fewer than 100 dishes are made from them. They contain 62–71 percent sugar, 1–2.5 percent protein, and 2.5 percent fat. Depending on the variety of date palm, the fruits dry out slightly or remain soft.


(convention, data)
A string unique to a time duration of 24 hours between 2 successive midnights defined by the local time zone. The specific representation of a date will depend on which calendar convention is in force; e.g., Gregorian, Islamic, Japanese, Chinese, Hebrew etc. as well as local ordering conventions such as UK: day/month/year, US: month/day/year.

Inputting and outputting dates on computers is greatly complicated by these localisation issues which is why they tend to operate on dates internally in some unified form such as seconds past midnight at the start of the first of January 1970.

Many software and hardware representations of dates allow only two digits for the year, leading to the year 2000 problem.

Unix manual page: date(1), ctime(3).
References in periodicals archive ?
This year, the award in this category went to Prof Jose Romeno Faleiro from India for a life time dedicated to date palm trees research.
FAO started the procedures for the proposed recognition of UAE's date palm oases on Monday at a workshop in Abu Dhabi.
The award ceremony was followed by the opening of the fifth International Date Palm Conference, held about once every four years.
The dominant palms in the city are the tall, thin, mop-topped Mexican fan palm - you can see this variety along Sherman Way between Corbin and Tampa avenues - and the thick-trunked, dense Canary Island date palm, also seen on Sherman Way, between White Oak and Lindley avenues.
ESCA's high-quality, virtually disease-free, lower-cost date palms are the result of 12 years of micropropagation tissue culture R&D.
The Khalifa International Date Palm Award honoured eight winners for their outstanding innovations in a ceremony held at Emirates Palace Hotel.
Nineteen date palm varieties will be assessed for salinity tolerance, yield performance, management ease and climate suitability.
Today, only about 6,000 acres of date palms are grown in California's sun-drenched desert valleys of Coachella and Bard.
In the Middle East, the Red Palm Weevil has recently become one of the major date palm pests, while "bayoud" disease, which is caused by a parasitic fungus, is a common threat to date palms in North Africa.
Both Al Ain and Liwa are designated by the UN organisation as Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems at the Khalifa International Date Palm Award Ceremony.
He added that the date palm is the symbol of Oman and it has been the core of food security in the Sultanate as the Sultanate owns nine million date palms, emphasizing in this regard that the Ministry is working in that direction to build model villages and ask farmers help us by replacing the date palms that have become unproductive.
We are hoping to identify genes that control the most important traits in date palms for the purpose of developing date palm agriculture in Qatar," he observed.