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name for a palmpalm,
common name for members of the Palmae, a large family of chiefly tropical trees, shrubs, and vines. Most species are treelike, characterized by a crown of compound leaves, called fronds, terminating a tall, woody, unbranched stem.
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 (Phoenix dactylifera) and for its edible fruit. Probably native to Arabia and North Africa, it has from earliest times been a principal food in many desert and tropical regions. For some 4,000 years it has been grown near the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. It is cultivated in many other warm regions, including parts of the SW United States and Mexico.

The trees sometimes reach a height of 100 ft (30.5 m) and yield fruit for generations. Staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers are borne on separate trees, and pollination of those grown commercially is usually done by hand. Seedless dates may be produced without pollination but they are inferior. Heavy, pendant clusters of the sweet, nutritious fruits are produced; the yield after maturity (10 to 15 years) is usually from 100 to 200 lb (45–90 kg) or more per tree annually. Each fruit is 1 to 3 in. (2.54–7.6 cm) long, reddish brown or yellowish brown, and somewhat cylindrical or oblong. When ripe, the bunches of fruit are cut intact from the palm and matured in a warm place.

In the Old World, a sugar and a fermented drink are made from the sap of the date palm and other species of Phoenix, and the seeds are sometimes roasted and used as a coffee substitute or pressed for oil, leaving a residue useful for stock feed. The wood of the trunk is often used in construction and the leaves are used for weaving mats and baskets.

Dates are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Liliopsida, order Arecales, family Palmae.



the fruit of the date palm. Dates are eaten fresh or dried and are used to make various dishes. They are a major food in the Arabic countries, where no fewer than 100 dishes are made from them. They contain 62–71 percent sugar, 1–2.5 percent protein, and 2.5 percent fat. Depending on the variety of date palm, the fruits dry out slightly or remain soft.


(convention, data)
A string unique to a time duration of 24 hours between 2 successive midnights defined by the local time zone. The specific representation of a date will depend on which calendar convention is in force; e.g., Gregorian, Islamic, Japanese, Chinese, Hebrew etc. as well as local ordering conventions such as UK: day/month/year, US: month/day/year.

Inputting and outputting dates on computers is greatly complicated by these localisation issues which is why they tend to operate on dates internally in some unified form such as seconds past midnight at the start of the first of January 1970.

Many software and hardware representations of dates allow only two digits for the year, leading to the year 2000 problem.

Unix manual page: date(1), ctime(3).
References in periodicals archive ?
The ADFSC is in the process of offering seminars across the emirate, providing training on the complete range of date palm care, from cleaning and trimming palms to fertilisation and spraying for pests.
Summary: The date palm, to the best of our knowledge, is said to have originated in the Middle East and has proven to be such a successful plant and source of nourishment that it has become a staple across the planet.
The experiment was carried out during two successive growing seasons (2008 and 2009), 12 selected female uniform date palm trees (Phoenix dactylifera L.
Nearly 300 participants from 40 countries and several international organizations have already confirmed their participation to the Fourth International Date Palm Conference.
However, the second prize in the same category was awarded to the National Institute of Agronomic Research (INRA) in Morocco for their successful efforts in the control of Bayoud disease and development of the date palm culture.
As Giovino shows, the main lines of interpretation, all biblically based to some extent, appear in this period: the Tree as representing a "tree of life"; the Tree as a straightforward, iconic depiction of a cultic object; and what became the dominant idea, the Tree as a stylized rendering of a tree, often a date palm, and sometimes "fertilized" or "purified" by attendant genies.
Unlike other fruit crops, date palms can also cope without irrigation for a season and be 'turned on' again when water becomes available--an attractive attribute where continued water restrictions and variable water supply are expected.
This group or cluster of date palms may represent the original gene pool that moved from the plant's center of origin to North Africa," says Krueger.
In the Muslim world the date palm is a symbol of life, which is why in Arab culture as in Christianity, it is so important.
From tissue culture to drip irrigation, new technologies have played a major role in reviving and expanding date palm cultivation in the UAE, senior officials told Gulf News.
Muscat, May 25 (ONA) Proceedings of theInternational Conference on Investment in Date Palm Sector (Reality and Prospects) continued for the third day.
Visitors to the Abu Dhabi Farmers' Services Centre booth at the Liwa Date Festival have the opportunity to speak to date palm experts and learn about the centre's holistic approach to controlling pests.