dative


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Acronyms, Wikipedia.
Related to dative: dative bond

dative

(dā`tĭv) [Lat.,=giving], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
..... Click the link for more information.
 typically used to refer to an indirect object, i.e., a secondary recipient of an action. For example, him in I gave him a book is translated in Latin by a dative case. The Latin dative also has other uses; and the cases called dative in other languages correspond in their grammatical function only in part to that of the Latin. The residual dative case in English was treated in the early work of Noam ChomskyChomsky, Noam
, 1928–, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized
..... Click the link for more information.
.
References in periodicals archive ?
24) The dative case in Dolgan (and Yakut) encodes both movement and location.
There are two possible explanations for the role of the dative [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (by nature) in Romans 2:14, [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] both take the dative as an adverbial (either means, cause, or reference), but the first and probably more common takes it with the following verb [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]: when they by nature do.
Arguments on the philological problem of the kind of dative in line 5 are evenly balanced, with the parallel from Strattis perhaps adding extra weight to the locative use.
Angermanland has ties with Yorkshire: Husum is the dative plural of hus house and it will travel first to Schleswig, establishing there another Husum, then continue to Yorkshire with ny new as Niehusum, later Newsham.
68) In addition, the translation given here stresses the force of the dative preposition in comparison with Lev.
2006, Dative and Indirect Object in German Dialects.
Only Hinuq has also a Dative which does not serve any spatial functions.
As is well-known, Old and Early Middle English predicates may subcategorize for a dative object, and a sentential complement, as in (4):
In these languages the Genitive Subject (1) is not an Agent but, as in the comparable Dative Subject constructions of many other NIA languages, an Experiences.
Yet another preposition, "on," might also introduce a dative of wishing, as in "I wouldn't wish that on my worst enemy," though this too suggests declaration, and even prayer, rather than simple description.
Methodology required a description of syntax in terms of Latin case theory, but Serrier notes the role of "function-words" in French, such as de to indicate the genitive, and a to denote the dative.
ii 7): The author's analysis of e-ra-du-wa as a nominal with an epenthetic =u= between root and the dative =va with concurrent elision of the root vowel-e is not without its difficulties.