dative


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dative

(dā`tĭv) [Lat.,=giving], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
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 typically used to refer to an indirect object, i.e., a secondary recipient of an action. For example, him in I gave him a book is translated in Latin by a dative case. The Latin dative also has other uses; and the cases called dative in other languages correspond in their grammatical function only in part to that of the Latin. The residual dative case in English was treated in the early work of Noam ChomskyChomsky, Noam
, 1928–, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Finally, it is important to note that some verbs of this class, the so-called dative, accept a prepositional phrase that can be considered Beneficiary of the action and, therefore, can be replaced by the oblique pronoun lhe 'him/her/them':
Possible pathways of development of verbal pairs points of phonological morphological conflict wendan & ge-or 0 gewendan pyncan & [1], [e], [y] pinche/penche; pencan puht(e)/poht(e) laeran & [ae], [e], [a] leorne/lerne/ leornian lame (ge)witan & [i], [i:] ge-or 0 (ge)witan blissian & [i], [e] blisse/blesse bletsian (for)beodan & [-e-], [-i-] for- or 0 biddan forbidde points of syntactic semantic conflict wendan & + accusative or to turn' gewendan + dative pyncan & impersonal' or to think'?
The sample illustrates both situations when splitting of FE (Locative rows) and merging of FE (genitive and dative rows) are needed.
This means that for Dolgan, the encoding of secondary predicates switched from dative to instrumental sometime in the 20th century.
The rest of the article is structured as follows: the next section presents dative constructions in the three languages involved in the present study; section 3 summarizes the most relevant findings in the literature with regard to the acquisition of DOCs in English.
It is from the age of 3 years and 5 months onwards that Juan already makes use of the dative clitic "me" ([me.
At this level, the LCM explores the ways in which lexical predicates, which are lower-level configurations, are built into (higher-level) argument-structure constructions, such as the caused-motion, resultative, ditransitive, and dative constructions (Goldberg 1995: 2006).
This position is characterized as the uniform multiple meaning approach by Rappaport Hovav & Levin (RH&L 2008, henceforth), according to which the dative verbs that participate in the alternation are commonly said to have two meanings, caused motion and caused possession, as shown in (3 a) and (3b), respectively, each represented as having a complex event structure.
These referents are affected by the action of some more concrete or more abstract entity belonging to the personal sphere of the dative complement.
The relationship between dative and locative: Kurylowicz's argument from a typological perspective.
Turning to inflectional morphology, the use of cases is in decline as compared to standard Polish, especially dative, locative and male-personal (MP) plural; first- and third-person present tense verbs are often conflated (e.
But substitutionary atonement need not be taken that way: the dative in "he died for us" is open to redemptive inflection.