dative

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dative

(dā`tĭv) [Lat.,=giving], in Latin grammar, the casecase,
in language, one of the several possible forms of a given noun, pronoun, or adjective that indicates its grammatical function (see inflection); in inflected languages it is usually indicated by a series of suffixes attached to a stem, as in Latin amicus,
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 typically used to refer to an indirect object, i.e., a secondary recipient of an action. For example, him in I gave him a book is translated in Latin by a dative case. The Latin dative also has other uses; and the cases called dative in other languages correspond in their grammatical function only in part to that of the Latin. The residual dative case in English was treated in the early work of Noam ChomskyChomsky, Noam
, 1928–, educator and linguist, b. Philadelphia. Chomsky, who has taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology since 1955, developed a theory of transformational (sometimes called generative or transformational-generative) grammar that revolutionized
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regarding semantics, unlike English, Basque does not exhibit any to or for PPC with datives (Fernandez & Ortiz de Urbina, 2010), although Arregi (2003) and Arregi and Ormazabal (2003) have proposed that datives may alternate with other postpositional structures.
Generally, as argued by Dabrowska, the use of the dative signals that one's own sphere--the private sphere, sphere of influence or sphere of potency--has been infringed.
Thus, in Turkish, the subject of the intransitive in (35a) corresponds to the accusative in the derived causative of (35b), and the subject of the transitive in (35c) corresponds to the dative of (35d), with the identity of the accusative being constant between the two constructions; but causativization of the ditransitive in (35e) presents a problem for the participant-differentiating morphological resources of the language:
c) inanimate datives strongly favor PPs when occurring with ofrecer to denote metaphors; (37)
If [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] could be constructed with the datives in the sense suggested by Kambitsis and others, then we could be satisfied with [GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].
In some cases of emotive bias, our reason is quite completely overcome and things do appear to us falsely; we become spoiled datives.
In sum, the dative preposition has the form (i)sa when followed by a pronominal suffix (isa-ku, isa-m, isa-na .
In fact, as observed by Blake (1994: 143), the most outstanding cross-linguistic functions of dative generally correspond to: the encoding of the indirect object or of some two-place verbs 'low on the transitivity scale'; the indirect object of three-place verbs such as give (indeed the definition 'dative' is derived from Gr.
A choice between Old English dative and accusative accompanied with a spatial preposition, in in our example, necessarily leads to semantic consequences, and this choice seems to be left to the reader.
62, line 3: I distrust the datives ([tau][omicron][iota][sigma] .
Datives usually also have other functions, such as experiencer or beneficiary, or may be used purely syntactically for a default third argument.