cell division

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cell division:

see cellcell,
in biology, the unit of structure and function of which all plants and animals are composed. The cell is the smallest unit in the living organism that is capable of integrating the essential life processes. There are many unicellular organisms, e.g.
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; mitosismitosis
, process of nuclear division in a living cell by which the carriers of hereditary information, or the chromosomes, are exactly replicated and the two copies distributed to identical daughter nuclei.
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; meiosismeiosis
, process of nuclear division in a living cell by which the number of chromosomes is reduced to half the original number. Meiosis occurs only in the process of gametogenesis, i.e., when the gametes, or sex cells (ovum and sperm), are being formed.
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cell division

[′sel di′vizh·ən]
(cell and molecular biology)
The process by which living cells multiply; may be mitotic or amitotic.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mitosis results in daughter cells with the same genetic composition as parent cells, whereas meiosis results in progeny with different genetic composition from both each other and the parent cell (Figure 1).
Granic and Potter already have found a potentially simple approach to preventing cholesterol from causing cells to distribute their chromosomes unequally into their new daughter cells.
There must be an active transport system within the bacterial cell that puts the non-genetic damage into one of the daughter cells," said Chao.
Other research groups had concluded that p63 is essential for the maturation of the daughter cells, not for the maintenance of the stem cell lineage.
Bioengineers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science developed a platform to mechanically confine cells, simulating the in vivo three-dimensional environments in which they divide, and found that, upon confinement, cancer cells often split into three or more daughter cells.
We need to be able to kill the ovarian cancer stem cells before they have the chance to produce a second generation of highly chemo-resistant daughter cells.
SBP drugs have been designed to kill both cancer stem cells and their daughter cells are being developed for the treatment of ovarian cancer, glioblastoma (brain cancer) and prostate cancer.
Using advanced computer vision technology to detect subtle cell movements that are impossible to discern with the human eye, Professor Badri Roysam and his former student Andrew Cohen '89 can successfully forecast how a stem cell will split and what key characteristics the daughter cells will exhibit.
Moreover, mimicking division of living cells, daughter cells budded off from the original inorganic cells.
CYC116-treated cells display delayed entry into mitosis; defective polymerization of tubulins, or proteins that make up microtubules which are the target of the taxane drugs; changes in the function of the centrosome, or the cell's microtubule organizing center; and formation of the mitotic spindle, or the highway along which chromosomes and cellular materials are transported from the mother cell to the daughter cells.
The crypts also house stem cells, which make daughter cells that travel from the crypts to repopulate and restore the intestine's mucosal lining.