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day lily:see lilylily,
common name for the Liliaceae, a plant family numbering several thousand species of as many as 300 genera, widely distributed over the earth and particularly abundant in warm temperate and tropical regions.
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(Hemerocallis), a genus of perennial herbaceous plants of the family Liliaceae. The rootstock is short, more rarely creeping; the roots are often tuberously thickened; the leaves are radical, bistichous, and broadly linear; the flower stalks are 30-100 cm tall or more; the inflorescence is paniculate or capitate; the flowers are large, funnel-shaped, yellow or orange, more rarely pinkish or reddish.
There are approximately 20 species of the day lily in the temperate regions of Southeast Asia. In the USSR they are found from the Far East to as far west as the upper reaches of the Ob’ River: Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus and H. flavus (yellow day lily), H. minor, and H. Middendorffii. The Caucasus, Western Europe, and the USA have only wild species, most often H. fulva. Almost all species are ornamental. More than 10,000 garden forms and varieties are known. Dried day lilies are used in some countries as food seasonings.
REFERENCEPoletiko, O. M. “Krasodnevy (Hemerocallis L.} i ikh dekorativnoe znachenie.” In Introduktsiia rastenii i zelenoe stroitel’stvo, issue 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1950. (Trudy Botanicheskogo instituta AN SSSR, series 6.)
O. M. POLETIKO