nursery

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nursery,

in horticulture, an establishment or area for the propagation, breeding, and early cultivation of plants. In North America the term nursery originally specified a place where hardy woody plants, especially fruit trees, were started; but as the market for and interest in new varieties of garden plants increased, nurseries broadened their province to include the cultivation and development of all types of plants, including tropical varieties and annuals, and their sale either as seedlings ready for planting or as seeds. Until the advent of artificial irrigation and the use of vast greenhouses to control temperature, nurseries depended on natural conditions for success—as did the bulb nurseries of Holland, which were long famous for flowers and ornamental plants.

The modern nursery, staffed by horticulture experts and equipped with facilities for both experimental and mass production, supplies home gardeners, flower and fruit growers, farmers, and foresters with seeds and seedlings of specified qualities. Under nursery conditions varieties of plants have been bred that have greater yields and are hardier, longer blooming, and more disease resistant than those grown in the ordinary farm or garden, where controlled selection and hybridization is usually impractical (see plant breedingplant breeding,
science of altering the genetic pattern of plants in order to increase their value. Increased crop yield is the primary aim of most plant-breeding programs; advantages of the hybrids and new varieties developed include adaptation to new agricultural areas,
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). Graftinggrafting,
horticultural practice of uniting parts of two plants so that they grow as one. The scion, or cion, the part grafted onto the stock or rooted part, may be a single bud, as in budding, or a cutting that has several buds.
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 and buddingbudding,
type of grafting in which a plant bud is inserted under the bark of the stock (usually not more than a year old). It is best done when the bark will peel easily and the buds are mature, as in spring, late summer, or early autumn.
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 are also commonly used by nurseries to produce superior plants, and some plants are now propagated from cells grown in a sterile medium.

nursery

1. A room or place set apart for small children.
2. A place where plants, shrubs, and small trees are grown, usually for transplanting elsewhere.

nursery

1. a place where plants, young trees, etc., are grown commercially
2. an establishment providing residential or day care for babies and very young children; cr?che
3. short for nursery school
4. Billiards
a. a series of cannons with the three balls adjacent to a cushion, esp near a corner pocket
b. a cannon in such a series
References in periodicals archive ?
In a revealing comparison of day nurseries and nursery schools, she contrasts the idea of day care as welfare for the poor with day care as education for more affluent children.
Liz Pickard, senior advisory teacher, said: "The quality of the early education delivered in the private day nurseries has benefited from the input of the advisory teachers.
WORKING TOGETHER: Chinese delegates with Purnima Tanuku OBE, chief executive of the National Day Nurseries Association and other staff members
LOTTERY money will help pay for two new day nurseries for pre- school children in Coventry.
GIVE your child a super start in life by enrolling him or her at one of the excellent local day nurseries.
Staff at the city's 13 Community Day Nurseries were told their jobs are at risk when the nurseries close at the end of August.
There's a new girl at Kids 1st Day Nurseries - although she admits to being a little older than the under-five age group it caters for.
Pupils of the Leapfrog day nursery in Cheshire Oaks are taking part in the National Day Nurseries Association (NDNA) Sunflower Challenge.
Jigsaw Day Nurseries has joined forces with the National Childbirth Trust to help the charity become more effective at a grassroots level.
A document seen by the Birmingham Mail reveals that of these, 88 jobs will disappear from 277 posts in the city's children's centres and community day nurseries.
The National Day Nurseries Association based at Longbow Close in Bradley raised pounds 280 for the West Yorkshire Forget Me Not Trust.
Staff from one of Newcastle's most popular children's day nurseries have successfully completed a series of high profile, specialist training courses meaning that they are now professionally qualified NVQ childcare assessors.