Willem de Kooning

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de Kooning, Willem

(də ko͞o`nĭng), 1904–97, American painter, b. Netherlands; studied Rotterdam Academy of Fine Arts and Techniques. De Kooning immigrated to the United States, arriving as a stowaway in 1926 and settling in New York City, where he worked on the Federal Arts Project (1935). He began experiments with abstraction as early as 1928, but continued to produce realistic paintings throughout the 1930s, and he later oscillated between an abstracted figuration and pure abstraction. Influenced by Arshile GorkyGorky, Arshile
, c.1900–48, American painter, b. Armenia as Vosdanig Adoian. He escaped the Turkish slaughter of Armenians, emigrated to the United States in 1920, studied at Boston's New School of Design, and moved to New York City in 1925.
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, de Kooning forged a powerful abstract style and in the 1940s became a leader of abstract expressionismabstract expressionism,
movement of abstract painting that emerged in New York City during the mid-1940s and attained singular prominence in American art in the following decade; also called action painting and the New York school.
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. In his monumental series of the early 1950s entitled Woman, he reintroduced a representational element. Woman I (1950–52; Mus. of Modern Art, New York City), with its startling ferocity, brought him considerable notice and some notoriety. He subsequently reverted chiefly to nonfigurative work, but during the 1960s, when he moved to Long Island, he also produced more paintings of women as well as many works with landscape elements. In this period de Kooning also created semiabstract sculptural figures in bronze and several lithographs. He created a dazzling group of painterly abstractions in the 1970s.

Slashed with color and formed with eloquent brushstrokes, de Kooning's often huge canvases are charged with explosive energy; many are widely considered some of the masterpieces of abstract expressionism. His last works, produced (1980–90) when he was increasingly affected by Alzheimer's disease, include hundreds of large canvases in elegantly composed configurations; their elements are pared down, and their limited, mainly primary colors form sinuously intertwining ribbons. In some sense, de Kooning's art endured amid his encroaching dementia until he stopped painting in mid-1990. He was married to the painter Elaine Fried de Kooning (1920–1989).

Bibliography

See biographies by H. F. Gaugh (1983), L. Hall (1993, repr. 2000), and M. Stevens and A. Swan (2004); studies by H. Rosenberg (1974), D. Waldman (1978 and 1988), D. Cateforis (1994), D. Sylvester et al. (1994), G. Garrels and R. Storr (1995), S. Yard (1997), K. Kertess et al. (1998), C. Morris (1999), E. Liever (2000), and S. F. Lake (2010).

de Kooning, Willem

(1904–  ) painter; born in Rotterdam, Holland. He came to America in 1926, and is considered, along with Jackson Pollock, a leader in abstract expressionism, the New York-based school of painting that rejected naturalistic content. Examples of this period include his dramatic Black Paintings (1946–48), which were limited to black-and-white colors using enamel and oil paints. His later work became increasingly figurative, and The Woman series, beginning in 1950, brought him notoriety due to his brutal and often erotic treatment of his subject matter.
References in periodicals archive ?
De Kooning never considered the work finished, or even a success, but it became the most frequently reproduced work of art of the 1950s, and other ``Woman'' paintings followed.
Rather, the de Kooning of Fifty-Third Street was presented as a master.
The first was from the New York School in which Willem de Kooning talked in his studio about painting with his eyes closed.
The nine artists he highlights--Max Weber, Stuart Davis, Arshile Gorky, John Graham, Willem de Kooning, Pollock, David Smith (barely present), Roy Lichtenstein, and Jasper Johns--all went through periods of imitation or quotation.
Certainly, paintings such as Goldberg's The Wife and Dear Wo, both 1962--to mention only two outstanding Red Paintings--must now be counted among the canonical American efforts of that moment, comparable to those similar efforts made by de Kooning, for all the latter's spangled glory.
The KunstHalle is presenting 113 drawings, watercolors, and goauches from 1955 to 2009 by Georg Baselitz, Willem de Kooning, Sigmar Polke, Arnulf Rainer, Neo Rauch, and Gerhard Richter.
But Guertin, unlike de Kooning, isn't taking any chances--she makes sure the painting looks back at its viewer.
7, 2014 /PRNewswire/ -- A rare, original painting by abstract expressionist master Willem de Kooning and a large glass sculpture by renowned artist Dale Chihuly are among several hundred pieces that will be auctioned on Thurs.
The complaint says that in 1994 the gallery bought at least one painting attributed to Willem de Kooning from Masaccio.
She later moved to Long Island, New York, where she associated with Jackson Pollock and Willem De Kooning.
The book begins with an interview with Beel conducted by editors Mil De Kooning and Christopher Van Gerrewey (both: architecture and urban planning, Ghent U.