De Stijl

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Stijl, de

(də stīl) [Du.,=the style], Dutch nonfigurative art movement, also called neoplasticism. In 1917 a group of artists, architects, and poets was organized under the name de Stijl, and a journal of the same name was initiated. The leaders of the movement were the artists Theo van DoesburgDoesburg, Theo van
, 1883–1931, Dutch painter, teacher, and writer. Together with Mondrian he founded the magazine De Stijl and successfully proselytized in Europe for the new aesthetic of abstraction, simplicity, clarity, and harmony.
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 and Piet MondrianMondrian, Piet
, 1872–1944, Dutch painter. He studied at the academy in Amsterdam and passed through an early naturalistic phase. In 1910 he went to Paris, where the influence of cubism stimulated the development of his geometric, nonobjective style, which he called
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. They advocated a purification of art, eliminating subject matter in favor of vertical and horizontal elements, and the use of primary colors and noncolors. Their austerity of expression influenced architects, principally J. J. P. OudOud, Jacobus Johannes Pieter
, 1890–1963, Dutch architect. Oud's interest in abstract painting led him to conceive of buildings composed in terms of pure planes. With several painters, including Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg, he became associated with the influential
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 and Gerrit RietveldRietveld, Gerrit Thomas
, 1888–1965, Dutch architect and furniture designer. At first a cabinetmaker, Rietveld created (c.1917) a chair that was an important contribution to modern furniture design.
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. The movement lasted until 1931; in architecture a few de Stijl principles are still applied.


See study by H. L. C. Jaffé (1968).

De Stijl

Term meaning “The Style,” derived from the name of a group of Dutch artists and the journal founded by the painter Theo van Doesberg in 1917; other members of the group included Piet Mondrian, Reitveld, and Oud. It was influenced by Cubism, and proposed an abstracted expression divorced from nature; instead, advocating straight lines, pure planes, right angles, and primary colors. It had a profound influence on the Bauhaus movement.

De Stijl


an avant-garde group of Dutch architects and artists that was founded in Leiden in 1917 around the journal De Stijl (1917–28). The group disbanded in 1931.

The De Stijl artists advanced neoplasticism, that is, the rejection of the representational, social, and cognitive tasks of art and the turning to pure forms, generalized to the maximum degree. In painting the style led to a geometric form of abstract art, as seen in the works of P. Mondrian, T. van Doesburg (the group’s organizer and theorist), and B. van der Leck. The architectural style of De Stijl was marked by strict mathematical measurements and ascetically precise spatial composition; these qualities especially distinguish the designs of van Doesburg, J. J. P. Oud, and G. Rietveld. De Stijl architecture to some extent influenced the development of functionalism.


Modernizm (2nd ed.). Moscow, 1973. Pages 130–38.
Jaffé, H. L. C. De Stijl, 1917–1931. The Dutch Contribution to Modern Art. Amsterdam, 1956.

de Stijl

An architectural movement from about 1917 to 1931, which originated in The Netherlands, that placed emphasis on functionalism, rationalism, and current methods of construction, in contrast to historical precedent and traditional methods of construction. This movement had a significant influence on the development of Modern architecture.
References in periodicals archive ?
The classic example is the colored plane that binds De Stijl painting to De Stijl architecture.
5-kilometre) walk around the galleries will take you "from the Middle Ages to Mondrian," the Dutch painter and one of the pioneers of the De Stijl movement in the first half of the 20th century.
The arrangement of forms makes reference to 1930s modernist abstract painters such as Theo Van Doesburg of the Dutch De Stijl movement, particularly the layered planes and yellow and blue tarpaulin squares.
Natuurlijk is het Daghregister nooit als literatuur bedoeld, maar het is dat volgens de Uterahiurgescfuedschrijvers geworden door de levendigheid waarmee het geschreven is, door de boeiende beschrijvingen en de rake tekeningen van personen en situaties; kortom, door de stijl.
Architects rejected the prewar ornamented style and searched for new forms, such as the designs emanating from the De Stijl group in the Netherlands and Frank Lloyd Wright in the US.
didele itaka kubistine lengvumo, judejimo, kompozicijos atvirumo filosofija padare De stijl judejimui" ( habermas 1981: 423).
Exhibition/ Mondrian / De Stijl Until 21 March, Centre Pompidou, Paris, France www.
Seguiam esteticas funcionalistas, construtivistas e do De Stijl, e seus novos codigos graficos (Escorel, 1987, p.
Their self-titled debut was released in 1999 with the cult classic De Stijl out the following year.
If I was being fanciful I''d say it was De Stijl as seen through Mondrian''s eyes.
All but one of these intertexts were published in the Dutch avant-garde journal De Stijl between 1917 and 1921.
The creative--and ultimately romantic--partnership of the architect and furniture designer Gerrit Rietveld and his client Truus Schroder, a woman of modest income but grand aspirations, resulted in the construction of a small family home which represented the fullest concrete manifestation of De Stijl Modernist theory, and demonstrated what a utopian mode of living might look like.