Vigny, Alfred Victor, comte de

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Vigny, Alfred Victor, comte de

(älfrĕd` vĕktôr` kôNt də vēnyē`), 1797–1863, French poet, novelist, and dramatist. One of the foremost romantics, Vigny expressed a philosophy of stoical pessimism, stressing the lonely struggle of the individual in a hostile universe. Though physically weak, he was sent to military school and became an officer in 1814, resigning in 1827. His best-known poems are found in Poèmes antiques et modernes (1826), containing "Éloa" and his famous "Moïse," and in Destinées (1864). His prose works include the novels Cinq-Mars (1826, tr. The Spider and the Fly, 1925), Stello (1832), Servitude et grandeur militaires (1835, tr. The Military Necessity, 1953), and Chatterton (1835, tr. 1908), a play. A selection of his own notes comprises Journal d'un poète (1867). Unlike other romantics of his period, he did not emphasize personal emotion; instead he presented his ideas through general symbols with dramatic force. His reputation, temporarily dimmed by that of Hugo and Lamartine, was revived by the time of Baudelaire.

Bibliography

See studies by J. Doolittle (1967) and A. Whitridge (1933, repr. 1971).

References in periodicals archive ?
Eliot, Rob Donn, Edith Sitwell, Stephen Spender, Chateaubriand, Corneille, de Vigny, Maritain, Merimee, Racine, Villon, Bakunin, Chekov, Dostoevsky, Gogol, Gorky, Koestler, Pushkin, Toller, Cervantes, Dickens, Charles Reade, Franz von Rintelen, Shol Lesage, Swedenborg, Flaubert, Tolstoy and Turgenev.
31) et pouvait parler avec aisance de Montaigne, Rabelais, Pascal, Descartes, Moliere, Musset, de Vigny, Kafka, Hopkins, Shakespeare, Baudelaire, etc.
Silence can be very dignified, and very effective too, as French 19th-century poet, Alfred de Vigny, pointed out in his poem "La Mort du Lap" (the death of a wolf).
Alfred de Vigny tem o espirito ocupado por Buda, Edouard Quinet e Hippolyte Taine aproximam as duas religioes, um novo sopro corre sobre os estudos orientais.
The outlier is Alfred de Vigny, a French Romantic poet born in 1797, and translated here by our youngest contributor, Joachim Zemmour.
Seu rastro de sucesso foi seguido por autores como Prosper Merimee, Alfred de Vigny e Victor Hugo.
For in mid-nineteenth-century France, in the novels of Balzac, where characters habitually voice anti-Jewish feelings; in the Journal d'un poete of Alfred de Vigny, where Jews are variously excoriated and blamed for the ills of society; in the writings of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, where the notion of the extermination of the Jews can occur as an indifferent aside; (62) in the entries on "juif" in the exalted space of the dictionaries of the Academie francaise, where the 1835 edition defines the word as "he who practices usury or sells at exorbitant prices," and where the 1836 supplement offers the neologism "juiver" for "to cheat in a deal," Jews were readily and widely associated with the evils of capitalism, banking, and moneylending.
On one occasion, he checked into the deluxe Hotel De Vigny - described as the "perfect romantic hotel in central Paris".
They surround a lovely 15th Century chateau which houses a museum about the famous French poet Alfred de Vigny, who once owned the estate.
This classicized vein of literature, already being challenged by Jacques-Henri Bemardin de Saint-Pierre, the author of Paul and Virginia (1788), later was eclipsed by the romanticism of Chateaubriand, Alfred de Vigny, Alphonse de Lamartine, and Victor Hugo.
The collection spans more than a century and includes perfume bottles from more than 165 international fragrance houses ranging from De Vigny to Chanel and Ralph Lauren.
Knowing how "falsifying every comparison is, already by definition; and how impossible it becomes as soon as you try to associate two beings, so that the most dissimilar traits shine out, and even the most evident likeness escapes or fades into thin air," he nevertheless makes his stab at nominal precision: "when it is a matter of Tennyson, the names of Leconte de Lisle, tempered by an Alfred de Vigny and in some way or other, Coppee" come to mind.