decarboxylase


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Related to decarboxylase: Ornithine decarboxylase, histidine decarboxylase, Lysine decarboxylase, Uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase, OMP decarboxylase

decarboxylase

[‚dē·kär′bäk·sə‚lās]
(biochemistry)
An enzyme that hydrolyzes the carboxyl radical, COOH.
References in periodicals archive ?
These five islet autoantibodies are islet cell cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ICA); insulin autoantibodies (IAA); glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies (GADA); insulinoma associated-2 autoantibodies (1A-2A); and zinc transporter-8 autoantibodies (ZnT8A).
Epilepsy in mice deficient in the 65-kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase.
That is, rather than making 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase, these bacteria produce both 2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase and succinic semialdehyde dehydrogenase.
This study was to investigate the change in two forms of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GABA synthesized enzymes) GADgs and GA[D.
Pyruvate decarboxylase, the target for omeprazole in metronidazole resistant and iron restricted Tritrichomonas foetus in vitro.
However, as the activities of cysteine dioxygenase (CD) and cysteine sulfinic acid decarboxylase (CSAD) which are enzymes involving in taurine synthesis are too low to trigger taurine biosynthesis in the human body (Rigo and Senterre, 1977; Sturman and Hayes, 1980), taurine should be supplied from outside.
All the isolates were examined for the following biochemical characteristics: oxidase production, urease production, Methyl Red and Vogues Proskauer test, indole production, citrate production, arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, gluconate, malonate, acid production from arabinose, dulcitol, glucose, lactose, maltose, mannitol, raffinose, rhamnose, sorbitol, sucrose, trehalose, and xylose (MacFaddin, 1980).
The catalyzed conversion of histidine by the enzyme histidine decarboxylase produces histidine, found in animals, plants, and microorganisms.
Cell origin was confirmed by the presence of mRNA transcripts for: calcium/calm odulin-dependent protein kinase-II (CamK-II) for excitatory pyramidal cells, glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65) for inhibitory interneurons and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) for astrocytic cells (see Figure).
In particular, for ameliorating the symptoms or onset of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by modulating the gene and protein products involved the polyamine pathway, such as by inhibiting the enzyme, ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), involved in the synthesis of the polyamine, putrescine.