decarboxylate


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decarboxylate

[‚dē·kär′bäk·sə‚lāt]
(organic chemistry)
To remove the carboxyl radical, especially from amino acids and protein.
References in periodicals archive ?
Indeed, since bone resorption occurs at a pH acidic enough to decarboxylate proteins, osteoclasts determine the carboxylation status and function of osteocalcin.
Both strains were the same phage type, were indistinguishable by plasmid profile typing, and were different from 97% of salmonellae (8) in that they did not decarboxylate lysine.
Deoxy-ketonic acid 89 may, via its ketoform, decarboxylate to form monohydroxyacetone 94 (via the enol form of the latter), whose oxidation produces methylglyoxal 95.
In the living plant the cannabinoids exist predominantly in the form of carboxylic acids, which decarboxylate into their neutral counterparts (as shown in Fig.
After evaporation of the solvent, each residue was divided into two parts from which one was heated in an oil-bath (1 h, 160[degrees]C) in order to decarboxylate the naturally present cannabinoid acids and to generate the corresponding neutral cannabinoids.
AZIN1 (antizyme inhibitor-1) brakes the ODC1-OAZ complex and liberates ODC1; (3) AMD1 (S- adenosylmethionine decarboxylase) decarboxylates Sadenosylmethionine (SAM) to decarboxylated SAM (dcSAM); (4) dcSAM provides aminopropyl groups to putrescine to produce spermidine by spermidine synthase (SRM) and spermine by spermine synthase (SMS).
Malic enzyme decarboxylates malate into pyruvate with mitochondria operating alternative pathways for the metabolism of glycolysis-derived phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and providing metabolic flexibility to plants (TAIZ; ZIEGER, 2004).