decathlon

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decathlon

(dĭkăth`lŏn), in modern Olympic gamesOlympic games,
premier athletic meeting of ancient Greece, and, in modern times, series of international sports contests. The Olympics of Ancient Greece

Although records cannot verify games earlier than 776 B.C.
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, a contest for men held over two days and composed of 10 track-and-field events. It consists of the long jump; the high jump; the discus throw; the shot putt; the javelin throw; the 100-, 400-, and 1,500-meter races; the 110-meter hurdle race; and the pole vault. The decathlon became an Olympic event in 1912. The winner is popularly regarded as the "world's greatest athlete"; noted among these are the Americans Jim Thorpe, Bob Mathias, and Bruce Jenner and the British Daley Thompson. The ancient pentathlonpentathlon
, composite athletic event. In ancient Greece it comprised leaping, foot racing, wrestling, discus throwing, and casting the javelin. The modern pentathlon, an Olympic games contest for men since 1912, comprises a cross-country horseback ride, a cross-country run, a
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, a five-event contest, resembled the modern decathlon.

The heptathlon is the equivalent modern event for women, consisting of seven track-and-field events. Begun as an Olympic pentathlon in 1964, it was expanded in 1984 and now includes the long jump; the high jump; the shot put; the javelin throw; the 200- and 800-meter races; and the 100-meter hurdles. Like the decathlon, the heptathlon is held over two days. Jackie Joyner-Kersee, who dominated the heptathlon during the 1990s, is the best-known athlete in the event's relatively short history.

Decathlon

 

a classic track-and-field event for men, consisting of ten track-and-field events. Competition in the decathlon lasts two days: the first day consists of the 100 m dash, the broad jump, the shot put, the high jump, and the 400 m dash; the second day consists of the 110 m hurdles, the discus throw, the pole vault, the javelin throw, and the 1,500 m run. The winner is determined by the sum of points earned in all ten events; the number of points awarded in each area of the program is determined by a special table.

In 1970, W. Toomey of the United States set a world record of 8,417 points on the basis of the 1962 scoring system: 100 m dash, 10.3 sec (986 points); long jump, 7.76 m (972). shot put, 14.38 m (751); high jump, 193 cm (796); 400 m dash, 47.1 sec (943); 110 m hurdles, 14.3 sec (926); the discus throw, 46.49 m (809); pole vault 427 cm (876); javelin throw, 65.74 m (830); and 1,500 m run, 4 min 39.4 sec (528). In 1958-59 the Soviet athlete V. Kuznetsov held the world record in the decathlon.

The Olympic Games first included the decathlon in 1912, and since then it has been a standard event in all important track-and-field meets.

IU. K. KOLESOV

decathlon

an athletic contest for men in which each athlete competes in ten different events
References in periodicals archive ?
The European Athletics Promotions circuit meeting was established in 1997 by meeting director Hunter, a former decathlete and international sprint hurdler who still competes for Tynedale Harriers and he is hopeful the meeting record will go and the meeting will see its first 8,000 point decathlon.
This really helps the younger generation of decathletes.
Among the names joining Dunford and Brockman will be former Olympian and 2002 Commonwealth decathlon champion Claston Bernard of Jamaica, French decathlete Nadir El Fassi and Josue Louis from Haiti.
Indescribable," Daniel Moreh, an El Camino Real decathlete, said in a phone interview.
The Rookie School Award went to newcomer Diamond Ranch of Pomona, while the Most Inspirational Award went to decathlete Brittany Welker of Hawthorne.
Ashton Eaton, the homegrown decathlete, ran his fastest time ever in the 1,500 meters - the decathlon's final event - to set a world record of 9,039 points in the multi-event spectacle.
However, university and decathlon training don't really mix and, without funding, he appeared to be slipping into the list of 'nearly' decathletes.
Our decathletes have made great strides in the last three years, and we are excited to be going up against the top-notch German squad.
He's also had a small hand in the success Oregon has had under Lananna, sending a steady pipeline of quality athletes to Oregon, and not just decathletes.
Ironically, of all Berchin's decathletes, Sawant's speech worried him the most: It's a satire of Houston-based Halliburton Inc.
Oregon's pair of decathletes earned second- and sixth-place finishes respectively on the final day of the Pac-10 multi-event championships at Drachman Stadium on Saturday.
It would be ludicrous to relax for five weeks after working so hard for two years,'' said Zac Ellington, 18, of Woodland Hills, a suburb of Los Angeles, one of the six decathletes who also competed on last year's team.