Decemviri

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Decemviri

 

in ancient Rome any board often men chosen to carry out special state functions (law cases, religious questions, legal records, etc.).

Best known were the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. The board of 451 B.C., composed of patricians, was appointed under pressure from the plebeians to have the laws committed to writing. In 450 B.C. a new board was chosen consisting of five patricians and five plebeians to complete the work. For the period in which the decemviri functioned, the consuls laid down their powers, and absolute authority resided in the decemviri. The work of the boards of decemviri of 451-450 B.C. yielded the laws of the Twelve Tables.

References in periodicals archive ?
After much deliberation, the Decemvirs produced the famed Twelve Tables of Roman Law.
Led by the charismatic and ambitious Appius Claudius, the Decemvirs refused to step down and attempted to usurp government power.
The spectacle of the death of Virginia, sacrificed (immol[acute{e}]e) by her father to decency (pudeur) and liberty, made the power of the decemvirs vanish.
Some legal rules could "only be understood by reference to the infancy of procedure among the German tribes, or to the social condition of Rome under the Decemvirs.
He rushed from the Forum and raised a revolt in which the decemvirs were overthrown and the old order of government was restored (449 bc ).