The four panels of figure 3 show results for the lowest and second-lowest income deciles
, the fifth income decile
, and the top income decile
Of hospitals classified in one of the extreme deciles
in one metric, from 14 to 33 percent moved two or more deciles
after applying a different metric (Table 4).
Not surprisingly, publicly provided health insurance benefits are greater in the bottom deciles
, both in their values (columns 4 and 5) and percent of income.
By contrast, gains in educational attainment in Cleveland and Detroit are much more modest and somewhat flat across the neighborhood price deciles
Finally, a considerable proportion of total income in low income deciles
is coming from transfers.
Table 4 illustrates the median and lower decile
pension replacement ratios resulting from calculating the replacement ratio in Equation (10).
For females, the lowest five income deciles
in the normal weight category had significantly reduced odds of using weight control strategies while only the lowest two income deciles
among overweight and obese women had significantly reduced odds compared to the highest income decile
026] and with raised ALT in logistic regression models [with a steady increase in the odds ratio (OR) estimates across deciles
of PFOA and PFOS; PFOA: OR = 1.
Using unpublished BLS total compensation data, including employer health insurance expenditures, from 1999 to 2006, he finds that the growth in compensation by earnings decile
(from the 30th to the 99th) averages 35 percent, with 41 percent growth at the 30th percentile (workers earning $10-$14 an hour) and only 35.
We use the excess returns of the book-to-market deciles
as testing assets.
1 and 2), women in expensive cities have lower labor supply than women in inexpensive cities.
Whether overall net lending is positive or negative will depend on how far debt grows in deciles