Selva said deterring war is an exercise in influencing China's decision calculus
, making diplomacy preferable to conflict and managing crises in such a manner that they do not unintentionally escalate.
We know that consumers are first attracted by style and design--it is the first touch-point in the decision calculus
," Williams said.
approach to tailored deterrence is flawed because of its reliance on two erroneous assumptions: that the Nation can reliably assess an adversary's decision calculus
, and that it can decisively influence an adversary's choices.
Effectively influencing a competitor's decision calculus
requires continuous, proactive activities conducted in the form of deterrence campaigns tailored to specific competitors.
Tailoring to specific actors and specific situations: Some believe the primary contribution of the tailored deterrence concept is that the differentiation among deterrees would emphasize the need to understand each potential adversary's decision calculus
However, beyond all the matrixes and decision calculus
, serious students of political science, international relations, national security, and military strategy will find this work of great value.
Some watersheds may also need additional land use-changes that might alter the decision calculus
A major contribution of the study is its careful empirical reconstruction of the often complex and multidimensional decision calculus
of weaker initiators, providing thereby a highly differentiated context for the evaluation of national security policies.
He argues that moral obligations toward others are not simply a single element in the decision calculus
We suggest, however, that the results attained are relevant for the decision calculus
of the leaders of the majority coalition.
Income-contingent loans--or pay-as-you-can loans, as I'll call them--can change the decision calculus
of a low-income high school student.
If empirical data are not available or historical data do not reflect future conditions, the effort function can still be callibrated using decision calculus
(Little and Lodish 1969; Little 1970), by eliciting judgments from managers, which are then fit to a response curve.