approach to tailored deterrence is flawed because of its reliance on two erroneous assumptions: that the Nation can reliably assess an adversary's decision calculus, and that it can decisively influence an adversary's choices.
37) Beyond these assumptions, the DO-JOC breaks the adversary decision calculus down into three elements: benefits of an action, costs of an action, and consequences of restraint (that is, what could happen if the adversary does not take the contemplated action).
Similarly, the DO-JOC accepts second-wave theory's implied assumption that actors will continually incorporate new information into their decision calculus.
First, the DO-JOC states that deterrence planning must include identifying what effects the United States desires to have on an adversary's decision calculus.
Tailored deterrence requires that the United States understand each adversary's decision calculus with a high level of certainty in order to design deterrent actions that will achieve decisive influence over adversaries' choices.
However, beyond all the matrixes and decision calculus
, serious students of political science, international relations, national security, and military strategy will find this work of great value.
We suggest, however, that the results attained are relevant for the decision calculus of the leaders of the majority coalition.
The presence of such non-fiscal interdependence among the income-earning activities of all participants in the economy modifies the decision calculus of the political majority which, in our model, seeks to determine the optimal fiscal exploitation of members of the excluded minority.
Does this feature make the decision calculus of the majority taxing authority different?
The discussion is perhaps sufficient to suggest that, once capital income is included in the tax base, the dominance of the revenue-maximizing solution in the majority's decision calculus no longer exists in the strict sense, even within the restrictive limits imposed by the constant returns postulate.
Income-contingent loans--or pay-as-you-can loans, as I'll call them--can change the decision calculus
of a low-income high school student.
When theater forces are not in position to respond rapidly to a crisis situation, Global Strike is a readily available tool that fills a wide variety of needs, from flexible deterrence options designed to alter an adversary's decision calculus
to a rapid strike capability designed to deliver devastating effects against adversaries of the United States and its allies.