art deco

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art deco

(ärt dĕkō`; är dākō`, ärt) or

art moderne

(är môdĕrn`, ärt), term that designates a style of design that originated in French luxury goods shortly before World War I and became ubiquitously and internationally popular during the 1920s and 30s. Coined in the 1960s, the name derives from the 1925 Paris Exposition of Decorative Arts, where the style reached its apex. Art deco is characterized by long, thin forms, curving surfaces, and geometric patterning. The practitioners of the style attempted to describe the sleekness they thought expressive of the machine age. The style influenced all aspects of the era's art and architecture, as well as the decorative, graphic, and industrial arts. Works executed in the art deco style range from skyscrapers and ocean liners to toasters, furniture by designers such as France's Émile-Jacques Ruhlmann (1879–1933), and accessories such as the elegant glass works of René LaliqueLalique, René
, 1860–1945, French jewelery designer and glassmaker whose works are landmarks of arts nouveau and deco, b. Ay; apprenticed to Parisian goldsmith Louis Aucoq at 16; studied École des Arts Décoratifs, Paris (1876–78), Sydenham
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. Since the 1960s and 70s the style has undergone a resurgence of popularity. Napier, New Zealand, which was rebuilt after a 1931 earthquake, has the largest unmixed concentration of art deco architecture in the world. Noted U.S. monuments to the style include New York's Rockefeller CenterRockefeller Center,
complex of buildings in central Manhattan, New York City, between 48th and 51st streets and Fifth Ave. and the Ave. of the Americas (Sixth Ave.). The project was sponsored by John D. Rockefeller, Jr., with fourteen of the buildings built between 1931 and 1939.
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 and Chrysler BuildingChrysler Building,
in midtown Manhattan, New York City, at Lexington Ave. between 42d and 43d St. The ultimate art deco-style skyscraper, it was commissioned by Walter P. Chrysler, designed by William Van Alen, and built in 1926–30.
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, the South Beach section of Miami Beach, Fla., and Fair Park, in Dallas, Tex.

Bibliography

See B. Hillier, Art Deco (1968), Y. Brunhammer, Art Deco Style (1984); V. Arwas, Art Deco (1985); A. Duncan, ed., Encyclopedia of Art Deco (1988); P. Bayer, Art Deco Architecture (1999); T. and C. Benton and G. Wood, ed., Art Deco: 1910–1939 (2003); C. Breeze, American Art Deco (2003); B. Hillier and S. Escritt, Art Deco Style (2003); G. Wood, Essential Art Deco (2003).

Art Deco

A decorative style stimulated by the Paris Exposition International des Arts Decoratifs et Industrielles Modernes of 1925, widely used in the architecture of the 1930s, including skyscraper designs such as the Chrysler Building in New York; characterized by sharp angular or zigzag surface forms and ornaments. Also referred to as Style Moderne.

Art Deco

a. a style of interior decoration, jewellery, architecture, etc., at its height in the 1930s and characterized by geometrical shapes, stylized natural forms, and symmetrical utilitarian designs adapted to mass production
b. (as modifier): an Art-Deco carpet
www.art-deco.com
www.artcyclopedia.com/history/art-deco.htm
www.adsw.org/resource/websites.htm
References in periodicals archive ?
ART DECO, 1910-1939, at the Victoria and Albert Museum, London, until July 20.
The major difference is that one company, Carpet Art Deco, will now control production from beginning to end, he added.
A supreme authority on Art Deco pieces, VALERIO Antiques is the ultimate source for enthusiasts and professionals seeking unique, one-of-a-kind pieces for homes, offices, and clientele.
He will be growing specification and distributor sales, promoting all facets of Deco Lighting's deep line of specification and commodity LED products.
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Today fans of the period spend much time scouring art deco fairs all over the country and are prepared to part with thousands of pounds in a bid to get their hands on original items.
Earlier in the week Deco insisted Portugal are a much better side than they were two years ago when the Euro 2004 hosts were beaten in the final by Greece.
Because of the property's long history with film and television ("Quiz Show" and "The Royal Tenenbaums" are among the movies that used its Art Deco design as a backdrop), the developer is giving all of The Beacon's buildings the names of famous theaters, Ms.
What: Bright Young Things, the directorial debut of out actor-writer Stephen Fry (Wilde), follows the eccentric social creatures that live their uninhibited lives in the sparkling art deco clubs (and gossip columns) of 1930s London.
Portuguese midfielder Deco believes yesterday's triumph over Spain marks a new beginning for the hosts in Euro 2004.
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The renovated ship is a 365-room resort hotel, its romantic first-class- only staterooms splendidly adorned in classic Art Deco style, with original artwork, rich wood paneling and portholes that provide panoramic views of the Long Beach coastline.