Defamation

(redirected from defamatory)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.
Related to defamatory: denunciatory, Defamatory libel

Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to Standing Orders when a defamatory remark is made in the House we have an opportunity to raise it with you there and then so that you can ask the Member in question to withdraw.
With today's ruling the court confirms that the Forbes articles made defamatory accusations, thereby strengthening Prince Alwaleed's claims.
The second suspect also printed a defamatory book insulting "the Mother of the Believers" Aisha with the consent of the library's owner who was also arrested.
Rubina said the second false and defamatory statement by the anchor was that after receiving compensation awarded by the Land Acquisition Collector, "my husband and I started pressurizing the land acquisition authorities and even were 'arm twisting' the Punjab government by illegally using of my husband's official position.
While it is very difficult to keep a check on every single activity that goes on the social media, we act on intelligence reports that claim that candidates have indulged in defamatory activities," said Ankur Garg, chief nodal officer.
He pinpointed defamatory expressions being used against the Hizmet movement, such as "parallel state," "gang," "virus," "secret organization" and even "Hashashin" -- a shadowy historical group that carried out politically motivated assassinations during the time of the Seljuk Empire.
The case could have far-reaching effects on freedom of speech on the internet as the highest civil court in the state considers whether Texas courts can force individuals to remove remarks from the internet if they are found to be false or defamatory.
Mizari said, since Chairman PTI did not take the name of any media house when demanding an inquiry, the defamatory note itself can be subject to a defamatory legal notice to the media house sending it.
Hoffman used the illegally-acquired data to publish a defamatory book about Kate.
that the words, pictures or sounds of said broadcasts or postings were libelous or defamatory.
COMMONS Speaker's wife Sally Bercow yesterday settled a libel action brought by Lord Mc-Alpine after the High Court found a tweet posted by her was highly defamatory of the Tory peer.
Bercow denied the tweet was defamatory and said she was "surprised and disappointed" by the ruling.