Defamation

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Related to defamatory: denunciatory, Defamatory libel

Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
6) A successful action for defamation requires that a plaintiff prove that a communication has been published to a person or persons other than them, that the communication identifies them and that the communication contains at least one imputation that is defamatory of them.
Efforts to remove online defamatory statements are frequently further delayed because posts were submitted anonymously or via pseudonym.
5) Similarly, the elements of a Florida defamation claim are 1) publicity; 2) falsity; 3) the actor must act with knowledge or reckless disregard as to the falsity on a matter concerning a public official, or at least negligently on a matter concerning a private person; 4) actual damages; and 5) the statement must be defamatory.
Any kind of online materials, including hate speech and defamatory publications, can be easily created and disseminated into the public domain via numerous forms of web-based applications, most notably social networking services (SNS) such as Facebook and Twitter as well as web logs (blogs).
The court ruling confirms that the Forbes articles made defamatory accusations, thereby strengthening Prince Alwaleed's claims, according to the statement.
The article was highly defamatory, false, and malicious and directly impeached the reputation of the chief minister, said Jegan in his petition before the principal district and session's court.
It also referred the case for a speedy trial to hand the toughest penalty for the suspects, including the writer of the defamatory book.
The second suspect also printed a defamatory book insulting "the Mother of the Believers" Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her) with the consent of the library's owner who was also arrested.
The billboards are also defamatory because they state or imply that Mr.
While it is very difficult to keep a check on every single activity that goes on the social media, we act on intelligence reports that claim that candidates have indulged in defamatory activities," said Ankur Garg, chief nodal officer.
He pinpointed defamatory expressions being used against the Hizmet movement, such as "parallel state," "gang," "virus," "secret organization" and even "Hashashin" -- a shadowy historical group that carried out politically motivated assassinations during the time of the Seljuk Empire.
Arguing that Texas law is outdated when it comes to injunctions on defamatory statements, an attorney for an Austin businessman told the Texas Supreme Court on Thursday that it should let critical remarks about the businessman be removed from a former employer's online post.