Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
If Muslims would consider that a great defamation against Islam - and they would - then by the same standard it must be admitted that the Koran defames Christians and Christianity.
SAUDI Arabia have cut all ties with the Taliban regime, claiming it defames Islam by supporting terrorism.
Similarly, Provincial Minister Shah Farman also tendered apology and said that some elements are committing such acts to defame PTI.
The BJP on Friday slammed Congress for fielding suspended IPS officer Sanjiv Bhatt's wife against Narendra Modi, saying the party stood "exposed" by using Bhatt as a "major pawn" for sponsoring a hate campaign to defame Gujarat.
I will tell her ( Dikshit) that I will continue to defame her and her party ( Congress) till they mend their ways," he said, while protesting with power department workers on Monday afternoon.
In addition, ISESCO invited the Member States to guard and defend against abominable plots to defame the Holy Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him.
The Lebanese observed with great surprise the rally that was held by the 'Thank You Syria' group in order to defame the Arab
In writing this letter, my intent is not to harm Wal-Mart or to defame them in anyway.
A statement from the tycoon's Harrods store said: "It is despicable that there should be this attempt to defame the dead.
By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO -- 1 September 2017: Secretary of House of Representatives' Defense and National Security committee Yehia al-Kedwany said Friday that Egypt is being targeted by conspiracies orchestrated by Qatar, which pays millions of dollars to defame Egypt on all international levels.
The reports of attacks on ambulances, doctors, medical staff and on those who are forced to come out of their houses are worrying, and freedom-lovers and those resisting the might of India will have to clean the ranks of resistance from those who through their anti-people and anti-human acts want to defame resistance movement," he added.
Naoot, a Muslim architect-turned-writer, has repeatedly said she did not mean to defame Islam in her controversial post.