Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
However, the freedom and broad reach of the Internet should be used as a positive tool for communication, education and commerce, not to defame and damage the reputations of people and companies with impunity.
On March 15, he threatened to defame me and circulate my private photos on that site".
ISLAMABAD -- Prime Minister Syed Yusuf Raza Gilani Wednesday said that a section of media has been projecting baseless and wrong corruption cases against him and the present government only to defame him.
The Lebanese observed with great surprise the rally that was held by the 'Thank You Syria' group in order to defame the Arab
Destructive elements are spreading false accusations to defame Myanmar and destroy the country's unity, according to Gen.
In writing this letter, my intent is not to harm Wal-Mart or to defame them in anyway.
A statement from the tycoon's Harrods store said: "It is despicable that there should be this attempt to defame the dead.
Details of the case reveal that the Public Prosecution received nine complaints lodged by the Anti-Corruption and Economic and Electronic Security Directorate against people who misused communication devices through posting remarks that defame dand insulted an Arab leader on social networks.
Arvind Kejriwal definitely has the right to blame someone, but he does not have a right to defame one by putting false allegations on him.
ISLAMABAD -- It has been disclosed that social, electronic and print media would be utilized to defame well-reputed internationally recognized personalities to create fuss over appointment of chairman Higher Education Commission (HEC).
Summary: A man denied in court on Wednesday the charge of threatening, verbally and in writing, to defame a compatriot woman if she did not have sex with him.
a former Emiratisation manager, has been accused of posting intimidating texts on his Facebook page and in which he threatened to disrespect and defame M.