Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
BEIRUT: The Military Tribunal fined Wednesday a human rights activist for "fabricating" news about torturing prisoners in Lebanon and slandering and defaming the Internal Security Forces in a television interview.
Mr Finn and his company were also issued with an "interim injunction" banning them from defaming Gentoo Group, or "pursuing a course which amounts to harassment" of Mr Walls and seven other named staff at Gentoo - formerly Sunderland Housing Group - by publishing anonymous statements about them.
We expect an apology, not simply for defrauding the public into giving money to repeatedly defaming our community, both in articles and interviews, referring to other street youth as 'sharks' and to himself as a 'dolphin,'" reads a January 14 statement from participants in Youth Space, a collaborative program sponsored by the San Francisco LGBT Community Center and the Eureka Valley Recreation Center.
A senior member of Cambodian Center for Human Rights was jailed Thursday after being charged with defaming the government, his lawyer said, bringing to three the number of senior members of the U.
In its opinion, the court noted that "there is a critical distinction between defaming someone to one's employer and defaming someone for one's employer.
ZAP's complaint, filed on October 28, 2005 in the Los Angeles Superior Court, details a series of anti-competitive tactics, aimed at defaming ZAP and disrupting its third-party business relationships.
11 (BNA): Chief Prosecutor of the Capital Prosecution Nawaf Al-Awadhi has affirmed that a suspect, who was accused of disseminating lies, spreading rumours and propaganda that may harm the military operations of the armed forces in Yemen, and defaming an official entity, will be remanded in custody for another 15 days pending further investigations.
PROSECUTION witnesses have failed to show up at the trial of a journalist accused of defaming members of the Shi'ite sect.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- The Turkish prime minister has asked why Turkish Islamic scholar Fethullah GE-len wrote an op-ed piece for The New York Times, claiming that the piece was aimed at defaming Turkey.
The forum led by the patronized leader in a statement issued in Srinagar said that the legal notice states that "Syed Ali Gilani reserves right to take all the legal recourses for defaming and disrupting him against The Times of India for deliberately attempting to defame him.
The participants recommended that Islamic countries seek to issue an international resolution preventing defaming and insulting the prophet and other messengers and prophets.
Manama: Six people have been referred to the public prosecution in Bahrain on charges of defaming the king.