Defamation

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Defamation

 

in criminal law, a crime against the individual, consisting in the spreading of fabrications known to be false that defame another person. For the act to be deemed defamation, it is necessary that the guilty person know that he is spreading false information intended to damage the victim’s reputation, and it is sufficient that the information be communicated to only one person. Under Soviet law, circumstances aggravating responsibility are the spreading of false defamatory fabrications by a person previously convicted of defamation; the spreading of defamatory fabrications in a printed work or a work reproduced by other means; and the spreading of fabrications known to be false combined with the accusation of commission of a crime against the state or other grave crime.

Defamation is punishable by deprivation of freedom or correctional labor for a term of one year or a fine of 50 rubles, or by imposition of the obligation to make amends for the harm caused, or by public censure. In the event of aggravating circumstances, deprivation of freedom for a five-year term may be applied (for example, Criminal Code of the RSFSR, art. 130). In cases involving defamation without aggravating circumstances proceedings are initiated only on the complaint of the victim and are subject to dismissal in the event of reconciliation with the defendant before the court withdraws to render its judgment. In exceptional instances provided for by law, proceedings may be initiated by the procurator even in the absence of a complaint by the victim. The circulation of true though defamatory information does not constitute a crime under Soviet legislation.

References in periodicals archive ?
Moussa, who hosts a programme on Sada Al-Balad television channel, was charged with spreading false news and defaming Al-Awady.
Mr Finn and his company were also issued with an "interim injunction" banning them from defaming Gentoo Group, or "pursuing a course which amounts to harassment" of Mr Walls and seven other named staff at Gentoo - formerly Sunderland Housing Group - by publishing anonymous statements about them.
defaming a group of people, like they bring disease, they are terrorist, they are criminals, they are trashing the environment.
We expect an apology, not simply for defrauding the public into giving money to repeatedly defaming our community, both in articles and interviews, referring to other street youth as 'sharks' and to himself as a 'dolphin,'" reads a January 14 statement from participants in Youth Space, a collaborative program sponsored by the San Francisco LGBT Community Center and the Eureka Valley Recreation Center.
A senior member of Cambodian Center for Human Rights was jailed Thursday after being charged with defaming the government, his lawyer said, bringing to three the number of senior members of the U.
In its opinion, the court noted that "there is a critical distinction between defaming someone to one's employer and defaming someone for one's employer.
He was convicted of defaming Angola's president in an article and sentenced to six months in jail.
ZAP's complaint, filed on October 28, 2005 in the Los Angeles Superior Court, details a series of anti-competitive tactics, aimed at defaming ZAP and disrupting its third-party business relationships.
Summary: Jaipur (Rajasthan) [India], Jan 24 (ANI): Rajput Karni Sena Chief Lokendra Singh Kalvi on Wednesday said that team Padmaavat cannot be allowed to earn profit by defaming Rajputs.
Kedwany used Gorka's statements to attack Qatar, saying that Doha funds campaigns that aim at defaming the Egyptian state, alongside terrorist organizations, cooperating with Muslim Brotherhood's agents at the White House.
Alleging that the video, which was made public in 'bits and pieces', was the part of Indian media's agenda of defaming the ongoing freedom movement, Nayeem said, 'Indian media was making every bid to defame the Kashmir struggle and pro-freedom leadership.
In a statement in Srinagar on Monday, Jamaat said, these media outlets are playing in the hands of anti-Islam and anti-Kashmir forces in defaming religious organizations and institutions particularly Jamaat-e-Islami and Jamiat-e-Ahle Hadith in the territory.