defeat

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defeat

Law an annulment

Defeat

Appomattox Courthouse
scene of Lee’s surrender to Grant (1865). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 22]
Armada, Spanish
defeat by English fleet marked Spain’s decline and England’s rise as a world power (1588). [Eur. Hist.: EB, 1: 521–522]
Austerlitz
defeat of Austro-Russian coalition by Napoleon (1805). [Fr. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 23–24]
Bataan
Philippine peninsula where U.S. troops surrendered to Japanese (1942). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 245]
Battle of the Boyne
sealed Ireland’s fate as England’s vassal state (1690). [Br. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 39]
Battle of the Bulge
final, futile German WWII offensive (1944–1945). [Eur. Hist.: Hitler, 1148–1153, 1154–1155]
Caudine Forks
mountain pass where Romans were humiliatingly defeated by the Samnites. [Rom. Hist.: Brewer Dictionary, 186]
Culloden
consolidated English supremacy; broke clan system (1746). [Br. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 70]
Dien Bien Phu
Vietminh rout of French paved way for partition of Vietnam (1954). [Fr. Hist.: Van Doren, 541]
Gallipoli
poorly conceived and conducted battle ending in British disaster (1915). [Br. Hist.: Fuller, III, 240–261]
Little Bighorn
scene of General Ouster’s “last stand” (1876). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 274]
Pearl Harbor
Japan’s surprise attack destroys U.S. fleet (1941). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 2089]
Pyrrhic victory
a too costly victory; “Another such victory and we are lost.” [Rom. Hist.: “Asculum I” in Eggenburger, 30–31]
Salt River
up which losing political parties travel to oblivion. [Am. Slang: LLEI, I: 312]
Sedan
decisive German defeat of French (1870). [Fr. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 225]
Stalingrad
German army succumbs to massive Soviet pincer movement (1942-1943). [Ger. Hist.: Fuller, III, 531–538]
Waterloo
British victory in Belgium signals end of Napoleon’s domination (1815). [Fr. Hist.: Harbottle Battles, 266]
white flag
a sign of surrender. [Western Folklore: Misc.]
References in periodicals archive ?
Further, once realists are able to defeat genealogical defeaters, they are then in a position to advance positive arguments that, for all we now know, are sufficient to establish the reliability of our moral faculties.
If we believe that my friend's disagreement in the restaurant case served as a defeater for my belief that we owe $43 each, then we should accept that Shelly's disagreement in this case serves as a defeater for my judgment that it is morally impermissible to push the fat man off the bridge.
When an agent a selects an intention g from I, and g is not warranted from ([PHI][DELTA]), agent a may look for an action A in A that modifies the set of beliefs in such a way that an argument without defeaters can be obtained to support g.
Plantinga's main argument is that defenders of EP and HBC identify incompatibilities only by limiting the evidence base, so that those incompatibilities are not defeaters of Christian theism (168).
Many inductively justified beliefs, for example, satisfy the criteria, yet this does not seem sufficient to generate a defeater against them.
This article steers a middle course and defends a principle describing when a disagreement yields a partial defeater, which results in a loss of some, but not all, of the justification of a belief.
After describing cases in which false beliefs seem to play such a role, he explains that in all those cases 'S arrives at knowledge because, although the false belief produces the cognition (that is, the false belief doxastically justifies the cognition), there is a true proposition that is closely related to the false one which is such that it propositionally justifies the known proposition, and, were S to have believed it, S could have employed that belief doxastically to justify the cognition' (47), and there is no genuine defeater of the justification of the true proposition (57).
This article offers an error theory that explains the appeal of this requirement: analytically, a belief is not justified if we have a defeater for it, but contingently it is often the case that to avoid haying defeaters our belief must satisfy a higher-level requirement.
On the one hand, the root of any immediate sublabel [GAMMA] associated with a dialectical formula T:h should be a defeater for the root of T.
La Dispute performs with Defeater, Native and Former Thieves at 7 p.
It also departs from the standard view by including all believed justification defeaters as defeaters; consequently, even an unjustified belief that some other belief is defeated counts as a genuine defeater.