defence mechanism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

defence mechanism

(PSYCHOANALYSIS) the method by which the EGO transforms the energies of the ID to make them acceptable to reality. Defence mechanisms reduce biological tension and mental anxiety The main defence mechanisms are:
  1. denial, where the instinctual urge is inhibited;
  2. repression, where it is made completely unconscious;
  3. projection, where the urge is inhibited in the self but attributed to another person;
  4. reaction formation, where the energies of the ID are redirected in the opposite direction;
  5. intellectualization, where unacceptable emotions are transformed by explanations making excuses for the undesirable behaviour;
  6. sublimation, where the energy of the ID is directed from the primary, but unacceptable, object to one that is socially acceptable. See also FREUD, LACAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
Then a defence mechanism in the brain mistakenly switches off production of all proteins, resulting in a deficit of essential proteins needed for cells to function, so cells die.
Inflated tonsils are only a sign of the defence mechanism getting activated to fight infection.
It seems dinosaurs evolved a splendid suite of defence mechanisms to help regulate the healing and repair of injuries.
But this documentary reveals that what is actually going in the womb is a biological battle as the baby tries to grab all the nutrients it can, while the mother's defence mechanisms ration what the baby can have so that the mother's own health isn't compromised.
Slowing the traffic ever so slightly enables the faster command and control messages to implement sophisticated network defence mechanisms.

Full browser ?