defence mechanism


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defence mechanism

(PSYCHOANALYSIS) the method by which the EGO transforms the energies of the ID to make them acceptable to reality. Defence mechanisms reduce biological tension and mental anxiety The main defence mechanisms are:
  1. denial, where the instinctual urge is inhibited;
  2. repression, where it is made completely unconscious;
  3. projection, where the urge is inhibited in the self but attributed to another person;
  4. reaction formation, where the energies of the ID are redirected in the opposite direction;
  5. intellectualization, where unacceptable emotions are transformed by explanations making excuses for the undesirable behaviour;
  6. sublimation, where the energy of the ID is directed from the primary, but unacceptable, object to one that is socially acceptable. See also FREUD, LACAN.
References in periodicals archive ?
Inflated tonsils are only a sign of the defence mechanism getting activated to fight infection.
Then a defence mechanism in the brain mistakenly switches off production of all proteins, resulting in a deficit of essential proteins needed for cells to function, so cells die.
Collaborative studies with surgeons at Leeds General infirmary have shown that this defence mechanism can be switched on in diseased blood vessels as well as in healthy vessels.
So the EU introduced an exceptional temporary defence mechanism (TDM) to aid those segments of the European shipbuilding industry which are "subject to allegedly unfair competition from the Republic of Korea".
denial, projection, and identification were made with reference to Cramer's Scoring Manual for Defence Mechanism (1987, 1988).
Yvonne Johns SW London AITCHING is a built-in defence mechanism that alerts your body to the potential of being harmed.
KSA maintains that no subsidies incompatible with World Trade Organisation regulations have been granted to Korean shipbuilders and objects to the EU's proposed use of a Temporary Defence Mechanism (TDM) to make subsidies available to some of its shipbuilders.
This can slow down recovery by putting strain on the body's defence mechanism.
Generally speaking, people with mental disorders use immature and maladaptive defence mechanisms compared to the normal population that adopt more mature mechanisms (Cramer, 2000).

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