deflation

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Related to deflationary: deflationary gap, Deflationary spiral

deflation:

see inflationinflation,
in economics, persistent and relatively large increase in the general price level of goods and services. Its opposite is deflation, a process of generally declining prices. The U.S.
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deflation

(ECONOMICS) a decrease over time in the general level of prices, coupled with an overall reduction in the level of economic activity, new investment, etc. (compare INFLATION). In modern capitalist economies, in which inflation tends to be endemic, deflation is usually relative rather than absolute, involving a reduction in rates of price increase rather than an absolute decrease in prices.

Deflation

 

the decrease of monetary volume by means of the withdrawal from circulation of excess paper money. Deflation often precedes monetary reforms. Since World War II deflation has most often been encountered as part of the so-called deflation policy of capitalist states, which aims at stopping or decreasing the rates of growth of monetary volume and commodity prices. Deflation is realized through limitation of credits (an increase in the rate of interest, imposition of credit limits), higher taxes, reduction of expenditures for social and cultural needs, a “freeze” on wages and salaries, and other measures carried out by capitalist states. These measures result in a lowering of the rate of economic development, a deterioration in the living conditions of the toiling masses, and an intensification of the class struggle.


Deflation

 

the disintegration of rocks and soils owing to wind action, accompanied by the removal and wearing away of the broken particles. Deflation is particularly strong in those parts of deserts from which dominant winds blow (for example, in the southern part of the Karakumy desert). The processes of deflation and physical weathering result in the formation of eroded cliffs with unusual shapes, such as towers, columns, and obelisks.

deflation

[di′flā·shən]
(geology)
The sweeping erosive action of the wind over the ground.

deflation

1. Economics a reduction in the level of total spending and economic activity resulting in lower levels of output, employment, investment, trade, profits, and prices
2. Geology the removal of loose rock material, sand, and dust by the wind
References in periodicals archive ?
That large and lasting swings in the yen-dollar exchange rate had no discernable impact on Japan's deflationary trend constitutes strong evidence against this position.
Thus, one may conclude, Horwich's semantic deflationism is not deflationary all the way through.
Although it may seem counter-intuitive, gold can be as effective a hedge against deflation as against inflation; in fact gold's purchasing power is more likely to increase in deflationary periods than during inflationary eras.
You can see the worry in the Fed's insistence that a deflationary collapse cannot happen.
But he added the BOJ and the government should continue close consultations over deflationary problems using existing channels and gatherings.
It is this deflationary gesture that Barthes sees as crucial to getting Twombly's tone.
A stronger euro would have an effect on the euro-zone economy and in the end could lead to deflationary risks.
Bank of Japan Deputy Governor Hirohide Yamaguchi indicated Wednesday that there is no need at the moment for the central bank to further loosen monetary conditions as the Japanese economy is facing little risk of falling into a deflationary spiral.
From the macroeconomic perspective, the sum of household savings and net corporate debt repayment, which is the money that is entering the banking system but is not coming out to re-enter the income stream due to the lack of borrowers, constitutes the deflationary gap of the economy.
The biggest issue facing this industry is the same as it was this time last year--how to generate top line growth when the market is under huge deflationary pressure that is destroying value in many key categories.
Unfortunately, the government has maintained a policy of fiscal consolidation in the past three years, which has simply added to deflationary pressures.