deflation

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Related to deflationary: deflationary gap, Deflationary spiral

deflation:

see inflationinflation,
in economics, persistent and relatively large increase in the general price level of goods and services. Its opposite is deflation, a process of generally declining prices. The U.S.
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.

deflation

(ECONOMICS) a decrease over time in the general level of prices, coupled with an overall reduction in the level of economic activity, new investment, etc. (compare INFLATION). In modern capitalist economies, in which inflation tends to be endemic, deflation is usually relative rather than absolute, involving a reduction in rates of price increase rather than an absolute decrease in prices.

Deflation

 

the decrease of monetary volume by means of the withdrawal from circulation of excess paper money. Deflation often precedes monetary reforms. Since World War II deflation has most often been encountered as part of the so-called deflation policy of capitalist states, which aims at stopping or decreasing the rates of growth of monetary volume and commodity prices. Deflation is realized through limitation of credits (an increase in the rate of interest, imposition of credit limits), higher taxes, reduction of expenditures for social and cultural needs, a “freeze” on wages and salaries, and other measures carried out by capitalist states. These measures result in a lowering of the rate of economic development, a deterioration in the living conditions of the toiling masses, and an intensification of the class struggle.


Deflation

 

the disintegration of rocks and soils owing to wind action, accompanied by the removal and wearing away of the broken particles. Deflation is particularly strong in those parts of deserts from which dominant winds blow (for example, in the southern part of the Karakumy desert). The processes of deflation and physical weathering result in the formation of eroded cliffs with unusual shapes, such as towers, columns, and obelisks.

deflation

[di′flā·shən]
(geology)
The sweeping erosive action of the wind over the ground.

deflation

1. Economics a reduction in the level of total spending and economic activity resulting in lower levels of output, employment, investment, trade, profits, and prices
2. Geology the removal of loose rock material, sand, and dust by the wind
References in periodicals archive ?
First, he maintains that both those conceptions are rooted in a common deflationary metaphilosophy, according to which a lot of traditional philosophical questions are based on confusions, and hence one should not attempt to answer them directly, but rather to remove the confusions and misunderstandings.
Although it may seem counter-intuitive, gold can be as effective a hedge against deflation as against inflation; in fact gold's purchasing power is more likely to increase in deflationary periods than during inflationary eras.
It is this deflationary gesture that Barthes sees as crucial to getting Twombly's tone.
Yamaguchi added that the risk of Japan falling into a deflationary spiral is ''small,'' saying that prices are continuing to fall at the moment but the pace of decline is likely to moderate from the latter half of fiscal 2009.
And it has been doing that literally from the first day the deflationary gap surfaced back in the early 1990s.
Business in the Middle Kingdom will continue to boom, he says, while Japan will be content to sink deeper into its deflationary quicksand.
There are growing risks of the economy falling into a vicious deflationary spiral of prices plunging and business activity slumping simultaneously.
Kumano said that increasing deflationary pressure is certainly not good news for Japan which is trying to pull out of its worst postwar recession as deflation may hamper growth by causing consumers postpone purchases and hurt corporate earnings.
As for the yen, the Bank of Japan made it clear to me that their intervention is because a strengthening yen is deflationary.
Polman is not alone: many senior suppliers have raised similar concerns privately with me during the course of this year as the deflationary pressures have really started to bite.
Bank of Japan (BOJ) Governor Masaru Hayami on Wednesday denied the government and the Bank of Japan will set up a joint team to compile a comprehensive policy to prevent the economy from falling into a deflationary spiral.
A retailer's performance is subject to a myriad of factors which serve to boost or dampen growth, from overall economic performance to deflationary pressure from rivals and operating cost inflation.