demesne


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demesne

(dĭmān`), land under feudalismfeudalism
, form of political and social organization typical of Western Europe from the dissolution of Charlemagne's empire to the rise of the absolute monarchies. The term feudalism is derived from the Latin feodum,
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 kept by the lord for his own use and occupation as distinguished from that granted to tenants. Initially the demesne lands were worked by the serfs in payment of the feudal debt. As the serfs' labor service came to be commuted to money payments, the demesne lands were often cultivated by paid laborers. Eventually many of the demesne lands were leased out either on a perpetual, and therefore hereditary, or a temporary, and therefore renewable, basis so that many peasants functioned virtually as free proprietors after having paid their fixed rents. In England the term ancient demesne, sometimes shortened to demesne, referred to those lands that were held by the crown at the time (1066) of William the Conqueror and were recorded in the Domesday Book. The term demesne also referred to the demesne of the crown, or royal demesne, which consisted of those lands reserved for the crown at the time of the original distribution of landed property. The royal demesne could be increased, for example, as a result of forfeiture. The lands were managed by stewards of the crown and were not given out in fief.

demesne

All lands belonging to the lord of a manor.

demesne

1. land, esp surrounding a house or manor, retained by the owner for his own use
2. Property law the possession and use of one's own property or land
3. the territory ruled by a state or a sovereign; realm; domain
4. a region or district; domain
References in periodicals archive ?
Prize list Shearlings 1st J Walton & Son, Roseden (pounds 660) 2nd H H Turnbull & Sons, Cookstead (pounds 560) 3rd G D Herdman, Edlingham Demesne (pounds 640)
laois & (d)Waterside technologies ltd having ceased to trade, having its registered office at hayfield house, firmount demesne, clane, co.
Lambs per Head: Texel Cross PS70 Greenhead, Reston, PS68 Ladykirk and Greystonnes, PS65 Lickar Moor, Ladykirk, West Longridge, Greystonnes, Edlingham Demesne and Doune Brae, PS64.
7km southwest of slane on the n51 national secondary route and is located in the townlands of blackcastle demesne, donaghmore, dunmoe, harmanstown, stackallan and cruicetown.
uk LONDONDERRY The National Trust has bluebell walks all across the country but at Downhill Demesne and Hezlett House on May 4 and 5 there's a special event as wardens take guests through the bluebell-filled woods to explain the history of ruined mansion.
The 20-year-old, from Demesne Street, Wallasey, was in the cubicle next to the girl in a unisex changing area, and put a small black video camera on the floor between the two stalls.
The Ramones-style ramalama of Upstarts was an early highlight, while Say Demesne was a slow, brooding atmospheric number.
Demesne Tornado ended a run of near misses when scoring last week and there is no obvious reason why Elaine Parker's charge should not go in again in the 7.
Several broad themes are addressed within The Irish Country House, namely the construction and architectural styles of these buildings and their associated demesne landscapes; the demise of landlordism in the early part of the twentieth century; the fate of these houses in both the Republic and Northern Ireland; the role of music in the Irish country house and the use of "big" houses today as educational facilities and tourist attractions.
The topics include wood pasture in early medieval England, some Devon farms before the Norman Conquest, regional differentiation in farming terminology 1500-1720, peasant names on Glastonbury Abbey's Polden Hills manors between 1189 and 1352, and a Warwickshire case study of the demesne and its labor force in the early Middle Ages.
Secretary Demesne Athar Ali khan also briefed the standing committee on defence budget 2011-12 and demanded increase in the budget due to current security situation and war on terror.
Barbara Williams, 52, was attacked by a Belgian mastiff at the house where she was a lodger on Demesne Road, Wallington, south London.