demiurge


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demiurge

(dĕm`ēûrj') [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In GnosticismGnosticism
, dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. A.D.
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 the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.

Demiurge

 

the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

References in periodicals archive ?
feminine power that rebukes and reminds the Demiurge of his place in the
This is especially apparent in the Apocryphon of John in which Demiurge, who is pictured as Old Testament God, produces flood which is allegorically read as an attempt to cover humankind with darkness: "For it (the ruler) had brought darkness down over all the earth.
They would be until the demiurge came along, but this is not a good counterexample.
At 33b, for example, Timaeus explains that the demiurge formed the cosmos in the shape of a sphere because it is "the appropriate shape for that living thing that is to contain within itself all the living things.
The Egyptian Book of the Dead presents the demiurge as the 'creator of Gods', and the originator of self from a higher heavenly order, 'Thou risest and shinest on the back of thy mother [Nut], O thou who art crowned king of the gods
Another approach to the Demiurge is found in Poimandres, the Shepherd of Men, the opening book of the Corpus Hermeticum, the most prominent of several collections of ancient mystical dialogues in which Hermes Trismegistus (the Egyptian Thoth) is the principal speaker.
Demiurge Studios is based in the Boston area and will continue to make games under the Demiurge Studios name.
While not claiming any expertise on that dialogue it seems that on a straightforward reading of Timaeus 42a-b, the Demiurge is merely explaining to the human souls what will happen to them once they are embodied and receive affections such as anger, fear, and love.
If the demiurge translates Plato's forms into material forms which are as close as possible to the unity of the good in material life, this for Dick and Gnosticism is nonetheless a malevolent and evil mechanism.
Similarly, the book tends to depict the state as a kind of demiurge that has succeeded in laying the cornerstone that led to the creation of a new reality after 1848 in the Caribbean, under the yoke of the on-going colonial process.
The Demiurge Yaldabaoth takes this creation as his own, imposes his will on it.
The first section might be thought of as dealing with perspectives onto various types of creativity, including the creation of earthly existence according to the mock-theology of the demiurge in the first poem, 'The Apprentice' (pp.