demiurge

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demiurge

(dĕm`ēûrj') [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In GnosticismGnosticism
, dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. A.D.
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 the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.

Demiurge

 

the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

References in periodicals archive ?
for the possibility of progressive change, since the rational, ordering power of demiurgic nous can only work on something that is relatively disordered.
Moreover, the Supreme Being includes no contingency regarding the causation of the demiurgic Creator; because being the Source of all existence, He is coexistent and coeternal with the 'Suns', His eternal heavenly manifestations, one of whom is Mbumba Lowa, the creator of our universe.
In Weltfremdheit, Peter Sloterdijk discusses how, from a frequent sense of abandonment and of existential pain, the saint and the hero assert their own "Yo" as they discover a destiny shaped to a great degree by the demiurgic power of discourse (32-4):
Both Calypso and Johann Maersk are likewise erotically deformed, but not through willed perversion, rather through the demiurgic machinations of others.
It is not too difficult for most of us to appreciate that the Archons of our world are "the doctors, the lawyers, the venture capitalists, the CEOs, the politicians golfing on the hides of the slain" and that their combined machinations serve to cover up the horrors they have engineered, enforcing upon us an illusion, the "rind of appearances" of a demiurgic world.
Under these circumstances, Mihaies points out, rewriting has become an imperative for the modern writer who cannot apologize for his failures, but cannot remain monologic or demiurgic and prescriptive either (30).
Runia argues that Donini's highest and lowest levels are questionable, the former because Demiurgic goodness, for instance, is introduced already in the prelude, evidently not part of the 'likely account' ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
This homage starts with a reference to the poet's demiurgic destiny: "The poet rises and the world rises with him.
33] Despite Rosenquist's claim to a demiurgic role as the progenitor of cybernetic offspring, his body is enmeshed in F-111.
Buchli writes that Soviet society was based on a profound reconfiguration of domestic relations, the individual, the home and daily life as part of a larger, highly contested and demiurgic process of social reform.
The notion that the current system is being 'abused by deadbeats to get out of paying their debts' is false, deceitful and demiurgic," the letter says.
13) The demiurgic attorney Rosello may be identified as the author himself.