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(dĕm`ēûrj') [Gr.,=workman, craftsman], name given by Plato in a mythological passage in the Timaeus to the creator God. In GnosticismGnosticism
, dualistic religious and philosophical movement of the late Hellenistic and early Christian eras. The term designates a wide assortment of sects, numerous by the 2d cent. A.D.
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 the Demiurge, creator of the material world, was not God but the Archon, or chief of the lowest order of spirits or aeons. According to the Gnostics, the Demiurge was able to endow man only with psyche (sensuous soul)—the pneuma (rational soul) having been added by God. The Gnostics identified the Demiurge with the Jehovah of the Hebrews. In philosophy the term is used to denote a divinity who is the builder of the universe rather than its creator.



the term denoting, in philosophy, the creator of any source; and in theology, god, or the creator of the world. In ancient Greece its chief meaning was social: demiourgoi were the craftmen and merchants in the population, as opposed to the landowning elite (eupatridae), the farmers (geomoroi), and the people involved in free professions, such as doctors, poets, and singers.

References in periodicals archive ?
That most excellent life is offered to humankind by the demiurge and the world-soul, and it is an active life of demiurgic goodness lived toward the model of completion exemplified by the world-soul.
Luria's is not a gnostic cosmology; he does not see the power of din as demiurgic, and he does not wish to eradicate it and re-enter a state of cosmic oneness.
The act of textual representation requires that an author rise above one's particular time and place in certain ways; some might say that the narrative process contains something of the metaphysical and specifically demiurgic about it.
Runia argues that Donini's highest and lowest levels are questionable, the former because Demiurgic goodness, for instance, is introduced already in the prelude, evidently not part of the 'likely account' ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
This homage starts with a reference to the poet's demiurgic destiny: "The poet rises and the world rises with him.
33] Despite Rosenquist's claim to a demiurgic role as the progenitor of cybernetic offspring, his body is enmeshed in F-111.
3) In the case of Patchwork Girl, reading appeals to our demiurgic power and turns readers into a sort of Dr.
But for its interpretive framework--its Germanocentric perspective and the demiurgic role it accords to Hitler--the principal influence seems to be Fest's earlier work, in particular his biographies of Hitler and of Speer.
Buchli writes that Soviet society was based on a profound reconfiguration of domestic relations, the individual, the home and daily life as part of a larger, highly contested and demiurgic process of social reform.
The notion that the current system is being 'abused by deadbeats to get out of paying their debts' is false, deceitful and demiurgic," the letter says.
This is--in its way-a demiurgic work of remodelling the universe, similar to artistic creation or 'dream work' or a meticulous activity that is closer to the capillary nature of Roman colonization than the devastation caused by barbarian invasions.
betrays not only the transgressive desires but the demiurgic ambition